History

Translated Christianities | Mark Z. Christensen

Translated Christianities Pdf/ePub eBook Translated Christianities Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1183 | Ebook Reads: 1183 | File: Translated Christianities.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0271065524

GET EBOOK

Translated Christianities - Mark Z. Christensen Preview:

Beginning in the sixteenth century, ecclesiastics and others created religious texts written in the native languages of the Nahua and Yucatec Maya. These texts played an important role in the evangelization of central Mexico and Yucatan. Translated Christianities is the first book to provide readers with English translations of a variety of Nahuatl and Maya religious texts. It pulls Nahuatl and Maya sermons, catechisms, and confessional manuals out of relative obscurity and presents them to the reader in a way that illustrates similarities, differences, and trends in religious text production throughout the colonial period. The texts included in this work are diverse. Their authors range from Spanish ecclesiastics to native assistants, from Catholics to Methodists, and from sixteenth-century Nahuas to nineteenth-century Maya. Although translated from its native language into English, each text illustrates the impact of European and native cultures on its content. Medieval tales popular in Europe are transformed to accommodate a New World native audience, biblical figures assume native identities, and texts admonishing Christian behavior are tailored to meet the demands of a colonial native population. Moreover, the book provides the first translation and analysis of a Methodist catechism written in Yucatec Maya to convert the Maya of Belize and Yucatan. Ultimately, readers are offered an uncommon opportunity to read for themselves the translated Christianities that Nahuatl and Maya texts contained..

Social Science

Decolonial Christianities | Raimundo Barreto,Roberto Sirvent

Decolonial Christianities Pdf/ePub eBook Decolonial Christianities Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1167 | Ebook Reads: 1167 | File: Decolonial Christianities.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 3030241661

DOWNLOAD

Decolonial Christianities - Raimundo Barreto,Roberto Sirvent Preview:

What does it mean to theorize Christianity in light of the decolonial turn? This volume invites distinguished Latinx and Latin American scholars to a conversation that engages the rich theoretical contributions of the decolonial turn, while relocating Indigenous, Afro-Latin American, Latinx, and other often marginalized practices and hermeneutical perspectives to the center-stage of religious discourse in the Americas. Keeping in mind that all religions—Christianity included—are cultured, and avoiding the abstract references to Christianity common to the modern Eurocentric hegemonic project, the contributors favor embodied religious practices that emerge in concrete contexts and communities. Featuring essays from scholars such as Sylvia Marcos, Enrique Dussel, and Luis Rivera-Pagán, this volume represents a major step to bring Christian theology into the conversation with decolonial theory..

Religion

The Oxford Handbook of the Bible in America | Paul Gutjahr

The Oxford Handbook of the Bible in America Pdf/ePub eBook The Oxford Handbook of the Bible in America Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 837 | Ebook Reads: 837 | File: The Oxford Handbook of the Bible in America.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0190258853

DOWNLOAD

The Oxford Handbook of the Bible in America - Paul Gutjahr Preview:

Early Americans have long been considered "A People of the Book" Because the nickname was coined primarily to invoke close associations between Americans and the Bible, it is easy to overlook the central fact that it was a book-not a geographic location, a monarch, or even a shared language-that has served as a cornerstone in countless investigations into the formation and fragmentation of early American culture. Few books can lay claim to such powers of civilization-altering influence. Among those which can are sacred books, and for Americans principal among such books stands the Bible. This Handbook is designed to address a noticeable void in resources focused on analyzing the Bible in America in various historical moments and in relationship to specific institutions and cultural expressions. It takes seriously the fact that the Bible is both a physical object that has exercised considerable totemic power, as well as a text with a powerful intellectual design that has inspired everything from national religious and educational practices to a wide spectrum of artistic endeavors to our nation's politics and foreign policy. This Handbook brings together a number of established scholars, as well as younger scholars on the rise, to provide a scholarly overview--rich with bibliographic resources--to those interested in the Bible's role in American cultural formation..

Religion

Christian Interculture | Arun W. Jones

Christian Interculture Pdf/ePub eBook Christian Interculture Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1105 | Ebook Reads: 1105 | File: Christian Interculture.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0271090022

DOWNLOAD

Christian Interculture - Arun W. Jones Preview:

Despite the remarkable growth of Christianity in Africa, Asia, and Latin America in the twentieth century, there is a dearth of primary material produced by these Christians. This volume explores the problem of writing the history of indigenous Christian communities in the Global South. Many such indigenous Christian groups pass along knowledge orally, and colonial forces have often not deemed their ideas and activities worth preserving. In some instances, documentation from these communities has been destroyed by people or nature. Highlighting the creative solutions that historians have found to this problem, the essays in this volume detail the strategies employed in discerning the perspectives, ideas, activities, motives, and agency of indigenous Christians. The contributors approach the problem on a case-by-case basis, acknowledging the impact of diverse geographical, cultural, political, and ecclesiastical factors. This volume will inspire historians of World Christianity to critically interrogate—and imaginatively use—existing Western and indigenous documentary material in writing the history of Christianity in Asia, Africa, the Americas, and Oceania. In addition to the editor, the contributors to this volume include J. J. Carney, Adrian Hermann, Paul Kollman, Kenneth Mills, Esther Mombo, Mrinalini Sebastian, Christopher Vecsey, Haruko Nawata Ward, and Yanna Yannakakis..

History

Indigenous Life After the Conquest | Caterina Pizzigoni,Camilla Townsend

Indigenous Life After the Conquest Pdf/ePub eBook Indigenous Life After the Conquest Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 717 | Ebook Reads: 717 | File: Indigenous Life After the Conquest.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0271089180

DOWNLOAD

Indigenous Life After the Conquest - Caterina Pizzigoni,Camilla Townsend Preview:

This book presents a unique set of written records belonging to the De la Cruz family, caciques of Tepemaxalco in the Toluca Valley. Composed in Nahuatl and Spanish and available here both in the original languages and in English translation, this collection of documents opens a window onto the life of a family from colonial Mexico’s indigenous elite and sheds light on the broader indigenous world within the Spanish colonial system. The main text is a record created in 1647 by long-serving governor don Pedro de la Cruz and continued by his heirs through the nineteenth century, along with two wills and several other notable documents. These sources document a community history, illuminating broader issues centering on politics, religion, and economics as well as providing unusual insight into the concerns and values of indigenous leaders. These texts detail the projects financed by the De la Cruz family, how they talked about them, and which belongings they deemed important enough to pass along after their death. Designed for classroom use, this clear and concise primary source includes a wealth of details about indigenous everyday life and preserves and makes accessible a rich and precious heritage. The engaging introduction highlights issues of class relations and the public and performative character of Nahua Christianity. The authors provide the necessary tools to help students understand the colonial context in which these documents were produced..

History

To Heaven or to Hell | David Thomas Orique, O.P.

To Heaven or to Hell Pdf/ePub eBook To Heaven or to Hell Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1786 | Ebook Reads: 1786 | File: To Heaven or to Hell.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0271081856

DOWNLOAD

To Heaven or to Hell - David Thomas Orique, O.P. Preview:

This volume is the first complete English translation and annotated study of Bartolomé de Las Casas’s important and provocative 1552 treatise commonly known as the Confesionario or Avisos y reglas. A text that generated controversy, like Las Casas’s more famous Brevísima relación, the Confesionario outlined a strikingly novel and arguably harsh use of confession for those administering the sacrament to conquistadores, encomenderos, slaveholders, settlers, and others who had harmed the indigenous people, thus using magisterial authority and jurisdictional power to promote restitution. David Orique addresses how, from 1516 to 1547, Las Casas subscribed to and wrote about the theory and practice of the doctrine of restitution. He then presents the specific historical context of the development of the initial manuscript of the Confesionario in 1547 as Doce reglas (Twelve Rules), which later became the augmented Confesionario manuscript. Orique’s commentary on the 1552 Confesionario treatise highlights how Las Casas’s Argumento, and its approval by theologians, legitimates his work. Orique outlines the various guidelines proposed to confessors to identify, investigate, and seek restitution from offending Spaniards based on their possessions and circumstances. He also explores Las Casas’s use of the Thomistic tripartite scheme of divine, natural, and human law. With insightful analysis and commentary accompanied by an eminently readable translation, To Heaven or to Hell will be especially useful to students and scholars of Latin American colonial history, early modern religion, and Catholic studies..

History

The Improbable Conquest | Pablo García Loaeza,Victoria L. Garrett

The Improbable Conquest Pdf/ePub eBook The Improbable Conquest Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 416 | Ebook Reads: 416 | File: The Improbable Conquest.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0271066598

DOWNLOAD

The Improbable Conquest - Pablo García Loaeza,Victoria L. Garrett Preview:

The Improbable Conquest offers translations of a series of little-known letters from the chaotic Spanish conquest of the Río de la Plata region, uncovering a rich and understudied historical resource. These letters were written by a wide variety of individuals, including clergy, military officers, and the region’s first governor, Pedro de Mendoza. There is also an exceptional contribution from Isabel de Guevara, one of the few women involved in the conquest to have recorded her experiences. Writing about the conditions of settlements and expeditions, these individuals vividly expose the less glamorous side of the conquest, narrating in detail various misfortunes, infighting, corruption, and complaints. Their letters further reveal the colony’s fraught relationship with the native peoples it sought to colonize, giving insight into the complexities of the conquest and the colonization process. Pablo García Loaeza and Victoria Garrett provide an introduction to the history of the region and the conquest’s key players, as well as a timeline and a glossary explaining difficult and archaic Spanish terms..

Religion

Taiping Theology | Carl S. Kilcourse

Taiping Theology Pdf/ePub eBook Taiping Theology Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1867 | Ebook Reads: 1867 | File: Taiping Theology.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1137537280

DOWNLOAD

Taiping Theology - Carl S. Kilcourse Preview:

This book examines the theological worldview of the Taiping Rebellion (1850–64), a Chinese revolutionary movement whose leader, Hong Xiuquan (1814–64), claimed to be the second son of God and younger brother of Jesus. Despite the profound impact of Christian books on Hong’s religious thinking, previous scholarship has neglected the localized form of Christianity that he and his closest followers created. Filling that gap in the existing literature, this book analyzes the localization of Christianity in the theology, ethics, and ritual practices of the Taipings. Carl S. Kilcourse not only reveals how Confucianism and popular religion acted as instruments of localization, but also suggests that several key aspects of the Taipings’ localized religion were inspired by terms and themes from translated Christian texts. Emphasizing this link between vernacularization and localization, Kilcourse demonstrates both the religious identity of the Taipings and their wider significance in the history of world Christianity..

Social Science

Rewriting Maya Religion | Garry G. Sparks

Rewriting Maya Religion Pdf/ePub eBook Rewriting Maya Religion Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 993 | Ebook Reads: 993 | File: Rewriting Maya Religion.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1607329700

DOWNLOAD

Rewriting Maya Religion - Garry G. Sparks Preview:

In Rewriting Maya Religion Garry Sparks examines the earliest religious documents composed by missionaries and native authors in the Americas, including a reconstruction of the first original, explicit Christian theology written in the Americas—the nearly 900-page Theologia Indorum (Theology for [or of] the Indians), initially written in Mayan languages by Friar Domingo de Vico by 1554. Sparks traces how the first Dominican missionaries to the Maya repurposed native religious ideas, myths, and rhetoric in their efforts to translate a Christianity and how, in this wake, K’iche’ Maya elites began to write their own religious texts, like the Popol Vuh. This ethnohistory of religion critically reexamines the role and value of indigenous authority during the early decades of first contact between a Native American people and Christian missionaries. Centered on the specific work of Dominicans among the Highland Maya of Guatemala in the decades prior to the arrival of the Catholic Reformation in the late sixteenth century, the book focuses on the various understandings of religious analyses—Hispano-Catholic and Maya—and their strategic exchanges, reconfigurations, and resistance through competing efforts of religious translation. Sparks historically contextualizes Vico’s theological treatise within both the wider set of early literature in K’iche’an languages and the intellectual shifts between late medieval thought and early modernity, especially the competing theories of language, ethnography, and semiotics in the humanism of Spain and Mesoamerica at the time. Thorough and original, Rewriting Maya Religion serves as an ethnohistorical frame for continued studies on Highland Maya religious symbols, discourse, practices, and logic dating back to the earliest documented evidence. It will be of great significance to scholars of religion, ethnohistory, linguistics, anthropology, and Latin American history..

Language Arts & Disciplines

The Routledge Handbook of Literary Translation | Kelly Washbourne,Ben Van Wyke

The Routledge Handbook of Literary Translation Pdf/ePub eBook The Routledge Handbook of Literary Translation Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1248 | Ebook Reads: 1248 | File: The Routledge Handbook of Literary Translation.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1315517116

DOWNLOAD

The Routledge Handbook of Literary Translation - Kelly Washbourne,Ben Van Wyke Preview:

The Routledge Handbook of Literary Translation provides an accessible, diverse and extensive overview of literary translation today. This next-generation volume brings together principles, case studies, precepts, histories and process knowledge from practitioners in sixteen different countries. Divided into four parts, the book covers many of literary translation’s most pressing concerns today, from teaching, to theorising, to translation techniques, to new tools and resources. Featuring genre studies, in which graphic novels, crime fiction, and ethnopoetry have pride of place alongside classics and sacred texts, The Routledge Handbook of Literary Translation represents a vital resource for students and researchers of both translation studies and comparative literature..

Social Science

Words and Worlds Turned Around | David Tavárez

Words and Worlds Turned Around Pdf/ePub eBook Words and Worlds Turned Around Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 631 | Ebook Reads: 631 | File: Words and Worlds Turned Around.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1607326841

DOWNLOAD

Words and Worlds Turned Around - David Tavárez Preview:

A sophisticated, state-of-the-art study of the remaking of Christianity by indigenous societies, Words and Worlds Turned Around reveals the manifold transformations of Christian discourses in the colonial Americas. The book surveys how Christian messages were rendered in indigenous languages; explores what was added, transformed, or glossed over; and ends with an epilogue about contemporary Nahuatl Christianities. In eleven case studies drawn from eight Amerindian languages—Nahuatl, Northern and Valley Zapotec, Quechua, Yucatec Maya, K'iche' Maya, Q'eqchi' Maya, and Tupi—the authors address Christian texts and traditions that were repeatedly changed through translation—a process of “turning around” as conveyed in Classical Nahuatl. Through an examination of how Christian terms and practices were made, remade, and negotiated by both missionaries and native authors and audiences, the volume shows the conversion of indigenous peoples as an ongoing process influenced by what native societies sought, understood, or accepted. The volume features a rapprochement of methodologies and assumptions employed in history, anthropology, and religion and combines the acuity of of methodologies drawn from philology and historical linguistics with the contextualizing force of the ethnohistory and social history of Spanish and Portuguese America. Contributors: Claudia Brosseder, Louise M. Burkhart, Mark Christensen, John F. Chuchiak IV, Abelardo de la Cruz, Gregory Haimovich, Kittiya Lee, Ben Leeming, Julia Madajczak, Justyna Olko, Frauke Sachse, Garry Sparks.

Social Science

The Teabo Manuscript | Mark Z. Christensen

The Teabo Manuscript Pdf/ePub eBook The Teabo Manuscript Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1923 | Ebook Reads: 1923 | File: The Teabo Manuscript.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1477310835

DOWNLOAD

The Teabo Manuscript - Mark Z. Christensen Preview:

Among the surviving documents from the colonial period in Mexico are rare Maya-authored manuscript compilations of Christian texts, translated and adapted into the Maya language and worldview, which were used to evangelize the local population. The Morely Manuscript is well known to scholars, and now The Teabo Manuscript introduces an additional example of what Mark Z. Christensen terms a Maya Christian copybook. Recently discovered in the archives of Brigham Young University, the Teabo Manuscript represents a Yucatecan Maya recounting of various aspects of Christian doctrine, including the creation of the world, the Fall of Adam and Eve, and the genealogy of Christ. The Teabo Manuscript presents the first English translation and analysis of this late colonial Maya-language document, a facsimile and transcription of which are also included in the book. Working through the manuscript section by section, Christensen makes a strong case for its native authorship, as well as its connections with other European and Maya religious texts, including the Morely Manuscript and the Books of Chilam Balam. He uses the Teabo Manuscript as a platform to explore various topics, such as the evangelization of the Maya, their literary compositions, and the aspects of Christianity that they deemed important enough to write about and preserve. This pioneering research offers important new insights into how the Maya negotiated their precontact intellectual traditions within a Spanish and Catholic colonial world..

Social Science

Concepts of Conversion | Lars Kirkhusmo Pharo

Concepts of Conversion Pdf/ePub eBook Concepts of Conversion Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 940 | Ebook Reads: 940 | File: Concepts of Conversion.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 3110497042

DOWNLOAD

Concepts of Conversion - Lars Kirkhusmo Pharo Preview:

There has not been conducted much research in religious studies and (linguistic) anthropology analysing Protestant missionary linguistic translations. Contemporary Protestant missionary linguists employ grammars, dictionaries, literacy campaigns, and translations of the Bible (in particular the New Testament) in order to convert local cultures. The North American institutions SIL and Wycliffe Bible Translators (WBT) are one of the greatest scientific-evangelical missionary enterprises in the world. The ultimate objective is to translate the Bible to every language. The author has undertaken systematic research, employing comparative linguistic methodology and field interviews, for a history-of-ideas/religions and epistemologies explication of translated SIL missionary linguistic New Testaments and its premeditated impact upon religions, languages, sociopolitical institutions, and cultures. In addition to taking into account the history of missionary linguistics in America and theological principles of SIL/WBT, the author has examined the intended cultural transformative effects of Bible translations upon cognitive and linguistic systems. A theoretical analytic model of conversion and translation has been put forward for comparative research of religion, ideology, and knowledge systems..

History

Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest | Matthew Restall

Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest Pdf/ePub eBook Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 931 | Ebook Reads: 931 | File: Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0197537316

DOWNLOAD

Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest - Matthew Restall Preview:

An update of a popular work that takes on the myths of the Spanish Conquest of the Americas, featuring a new afterword. Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest reveals how the Spanish invasions in the Americas have been conceived and presented, misrepresented and misunderstood, in the five centuries since Columbus first crossed the Atlantic. This book is a unique and provocative synthesis of ideas and themes that were for generations debated or perpetuated without question in academic and popular circles. The 2003 edition became the foundation stone of a scholarly turn since called The New Conquest History. Each of the book's seven chapters describes one "myth," or one aspect of the Conquest that has been distorted or misrepresented, examines its roots, and explodes its fallacies and misconceptions. Using a wide array of primary and secondary sources, written in a scholarly but readable style, Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest explains why Columbus did not set out to prove the world was round, the conquistadors were not soldiers, the native Americans did not take them for gods, Cortés did not have a unique vision of conquest procedure, and handfuls of vastly outnumbered Spaniards did not bring down great empires with stunning rapidity. Conquest realities were more complex--and far more fascinating--than conventional histories have related, and they featured a more diverse cast of protagonists-Spanish, Native American, and African. This updated edition of a key event in the history of the Americas critically examines the book's arguments, how they have held up, and why they prompted the rise of a New Conquest History..

Architecture

Architectural Rhetoric and the Iconography of Authority in Colonial Mexico | C. Cody Barteet

Architectural Rhetoric and the Iconography of Authority in Colonial Mexico Pdf/ePub eBook Architectural Rhetoric and the Iconography of Authority in Colonial Mexico Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 438 | Ebook Reads: 438 | File: Architectural Rhetoric and the Iconography of Authority in Colonial Mexico.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0429999046

DOWNLOAD

Architectural Rhetoric and the Iconography of Authority in Colonial Mexico - C. Cody Barteet Preview:

This book investigates the Casa de Montejo and considers the role of the building’s Plateresque façade as a form of visual rhetoric that conveyed ideas about the individual and communal cultural identities in sixteenth-century Yucatán. C. Cody Barteet analyzes the façade within the complex colonial world in which it belongs, including in multicultural Yucatán and the transatlantic world. This contextualization allows for an examination of the architectural rhetoric of the façade, the design of which visualizes the contestations of autonomy and authority occurring among the colonial peoples..

History

To the Shores of Chile | Mark Meuwese

To the Shores of Chile Pdf/ePub eBook To the Shores of Chile Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 830 | Ebook Reads: 830 | File: To the Shores of Chile.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0271085363

DOWNLOAD

To the Shores of Chile - Mark Meuwese Preview:

To the Shores of Chile presents the remarkable story of an expedition that took place in Latin America during the height of the Dutch Empire. Skillfully translated by Mark Meuwese, this captivating work sheds light on Dutch imperialism and the complicated relationships between Native peoples and European colonizers. In 1643, the Dutch West India Company launched an expedition to the coast of southern Chile. With plans to set up a permanent outpost that they hoped would generate enormous revenues in gold and weaken the position of their Spanish rivals, a naval squadron of five vessels and six hundred and fifty soldiers, sailors, and craftsmen set sail under the direction of Hendrick Brouwer. In the end, lack of cooperation from the native Mapuche stymied the expedition. However, an account of the enterprise, based on the journals and logbooks, was published in Amsterdam in 1646 to capitalize on the public fascination with dangerous adventures of Europeans in exotic places and to serve as a political pamphlet in support of the renewal of the West India Company’s charter. To the Shores of Chile makes this account available for the first time in English and sheds light on both Dutch expansionism and the military and diplomatic power of indigenous people in South America. It will be particularly valuable to ethnohistorians, scholars of failed colonies, and those interested in maritime and Dutch colonial history..

Social Science

Return to Ixil | Mark Z. Christensen,Matthew Restall

Return to Ixil Pdf/ePub eBook Return to Ixil Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1009 | Ebook Reads: 1009 | File: Return to Ixil.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1607329220

DOWNLOAD

Return to Ixil - Mark Z. Christensen,Matthew Restall Preview:

Return to Ixil is an examination of over 100 colonial-era Maya wills from the Yucatec town of Ixil, presented together and studied fully for the first time. These testaments make up the most significant corpus of Maya-language documents from the colonial period. Offering an unprecedented picture of material and spiritual life in Ixil from 1738 to 1779, they are rare and rich sources for the study of Maya culture and history. Supplemented with additional archival research, the wills provide new and detailed descriptions of various aspects of life in eighteenth-century Ixil. In each chapter, authors Mark Christensen and Matthew Restall examine a different dimension of Ixil’s colonial history, including the role of notaries, Maya participation in a coastal militia, economy and modes of production, religious life and records, and the structures and patterns of familial relationships. These details offer insight into the complex network of societies in colonial Yucatan, colonial Mesoamerica, and colonial Latin America. Including an appendix presenting the original Maya texts as well as translations by Christensen and Restall, Return to Ixil not only analyzes the largest body of substantive wills in any Mayan language known today but also provides a rare closeup view of the inner workings of a colonial Maya town and the communal and familial affairs that made up a large part of the Maya colonial experience. It will be of great interest to Mayanists as well as to students and scholars of history, anthropology, ethnohistory, linguistics, and social history. The publication of this book is supported in part byBrigham Young University and Penn State University..

History

Baptism Through Incision | Martha Few,Zeb Tortorici,Adam Warren

Baptism Through Incision Pdf/ePub eBook Baptism Through Incision Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 630 | Ebook Reads: 630 | File: Baptism Through Incision.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0271086726

DOWNLOAD

Baptism Through Incision - Martha Few,Zeb Tortorici,Adam Warren Preview:

In 1786, Guatemalan priest Pedro José de Arrese published a work instructing readers on their duty to perform the cesarean operation on the bodies of recently deceased pregnant women in order to extract the fetus while it was still alive. Although the fetus’s long-term survival was desired, the overarching goal was to cleanse the unborn child of original sin and ensure its place in heaven. Baptism Through Incision presents Arrese’s complete treatise—translated here into English for the first time—with a critical introduction and excerpts from related primary source texts. Inspired by priests’ writings published in Spain and Sicily beginning in the mid-eighteenth century, Arrese and writers like him in Peru, Mexico, Alta California, Guatemala, and the Philippines penned local medico-religious manuals and guides for performing the operation and baptism. Comparing these texts to one another and placing them in dialogue with archival cases and print culture references, this book traces the genealogy of the postmortem cesarean operation throughout the Spanish Empire and reconstructs the transatlantic circulation of obstetrical and scientific knowledge around childbirth and reproduction. In doing so, it shows that knowledge about cesarean operations and fetal baptism intersected with local beliefs and quickly became part of the new ideas and scientific-medical advancements circulating broadly among transatlantic Enlightenment cultures. A valuable resource for scholars and students of colonial Latin American history, the history of medicine, and the history of women, reproduction, and childbirth, Baptism Through Incision includes translated excerpts of works by Spanish surgeon Jaime Alcalá y Martínez, Mexican physician Ignacio Segura, and Peruvian friar Francisco González Laguna, as well as late colonial Guatemalan instructions, and newspaper articles published in the Gazeta de México, the Gazeta de Guatemala, and the Mercurio Peruano..

History

The Native Conquistador | Amber Brian,Bradley Benton,Pablo García Loaeza

The Native Conquistador Pdf/ePub eBook The Native Conquistador Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 504 | Ebook Reads: 504 | File: The Native Conquistador.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0271072040

DOWNLOAD

The Native Conquistador - Amber Brian,Bradley Benton,Pablo García Loaeza Preview:

For many years, scholars of the conquest worked to shift focus away from the Spanish perspective and bring attention to the often-ignored voices and viewpoints of the Indians. But recent work that highlights the “Indian conquistadors” has forced scholars to reexamine the simple categories of conqueror and subject and to acknowledge the seemingly contradictory roles assumed by native peoples who chose to fight alongside the Spaniards against other native groups. The Native Conquistador—a translation of the “Thirteenth Relation,” written by don Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxochitl in the early seventeenth century—narrates the conquest of Mexico from Hernando Cortés’s arrival in 1519 through his expedition into Central America in 1524. The protagonist of the story, however, is not the Spanish conquistador but Alva Ixtlilxochitl’s great-great-grandfather, the native prince Ixtlilxochitl of Tetzcoco. This account reveals the complex political dynamics that motivated Ixtlilxochitl’s decisive alliance with Cortés. Moreover, the dynamic plotline, propelled by the feats of Prince Ixtlilxochitl, has made this a compelling story for centuries—and one that will captivate students and scholars today..

Religion

Yahweh for Christians | Messianic Rabbi Minister Yahonathan Daweed

Yahweh for Christians Pdf/ePub eBook Yahweh for Christians Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 674 | Ebook Reads: 674 | File: Yahweh for Christians.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1636611494

DOWNLOAD

Yahweh for Christians - Messianic Rabbi Minister Yahonathan Daweed Preview:

Yahweh for Christians: I Am Original Words, Original Truth By: Messianic Rabbi Minister Yahonathan Daweed Yahweh for Christians is a work unlike any other on your book shelf. No other work of this weight and of this topic gives us a historical examination across the history of man as this work does. Yahweh for Christians states that there is an epic struggle between the Sacred Name, and an intelligent opponent, that goes beyond our appreciation. This attack is not benign, but is violent, and affects all life as we know it. This battle defines our conscious and unconscious lives, so that we do not know that true life is altered beyond recognition. As such, this is plenarily deleterious to our existence. Yahweh for Christians will present actual history, revealing the collateral lies of wrote history. It will connect the dots to creation, Judaism, Catholicism, Christianity, Islam, Japheth, Shem, Ham, Egypt, Greco-Rome, Germany, the dark ages, the crusades, Great Britain, slavery, the world wars, our present time, and our soon coming end. All of which is a complex, systematic, intelligent designed orchestration of spiritual warfare of a great lie versus a great truth. If this struggle is so ranging and daunting as stated above, then this work is one of grave importance. The simplicity of word study is the chief tool utilized by this work, to access the etiology of knowledge. Original words will deposit the student to original truth. םלש.

Social Science

Chinese Theology and Translation | Sophie Ling-chia Wei

Chinese Theology and Translation Pdf/ePub eBook Chinese Theology and Translation Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1048 | Ebook Reads: 1048 | File: Chinese Theology and Translation.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1351060414

DOWNLOAD

Chinese Theology and Translation - Sophie Ling-chia Wei Preview:

This book uncovers the Jesuits’ mystic theological interpretation in the translation of the Book of Changes (the Yijing) in their mission in China. The book analyzes how Jesuit Figurists incorporated their intralingual translation of the Yijing, the Classical and vernacular use of Chinese language and the imitation of Chinese literati’s format, and the divinization of Yijing numbers into their typological exegesis. By presenting the different ways in which Jesuit Figurists Christianized the Yijing and crafted a Chinese version of Jesus and Christian stories onto the Chinese classics, this book reveals the value of Jesuit missionary-translators. The Chinese manuscripts the Figurists left behind became treasures which have been excavated and displayed in this book. These treasures reveal the other side of the story, the side not much shown in past scholarship on the Figurists. These handwritten manuscripts on the Christianized Yijing are a legacy which continues to impact European understanding of Chinese history and civilization in later centuries. A first analysis of these manuscripts in Chinese, the book will be of interest to scholars working on the history of Christianity in China, Translation Studies, and East Asian Religion and Philosophy..

Bibles

Revelation | ,

Revelation Pdf/ePub eBook Revelation Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 573 | Ebook Reads: 573 | File: Revelation.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0857861018

DOWNLOAD

Revelation - , Preview:

The final book of the Bible, Revelation prophesies the ultimate judgement of mankind in a series of allegorical visions, grisly images and numerological predictions. According to these, empires will fall, the "Beast" will be destroyed and Christ will rule a new Jerusalem. With an introduction by Will Self..

Religion

Letter to a Christian Nation | Sam Harris

Letter to a Christian Nation Pdf/ePub eBook Letter to a Christian Nation Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1127 | Ebook Reads: 1127 | File: Letter to a Christian Nation.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0307266605

DOWNLOAD

Letter to a Christian Nation - Sam Harris Preview:

From the new afterword by the author: Humanity has had a long fascination with blood sacrifice. In fact, it has been by no means uncommon for a child to be born into this world only to be patiently and lovingly reared by religious maniacs, who believe that the best way to keep the sun on its course or to ensure a rich harvest is to lead him by tender hand into a field or to a mountaintop and bury, butcher, or burn him alive as offering to an invisible God. The notion that Jesus Christ died for our sins and that his death constitutes a successful propitiation of a “loving” God is a direct and undisguised inheritance of the superstitious bloodletting that has plagued bewildered people throughout history. . ..

Religion

Christian Theology | Peter Crafts Hodgson,Robert Harlen King

Christian Theology Pdf/ePub eBook Christian Theology Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 615 | Ebook Reads: 615 | File: Christian Theology.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 9780800628673

DOWNLOAD

Christian Theology - Peter Crafts Hodgson,Robert Harlen King Preview:

This highly acclaimed and widely used volume now in its third edition, is a collaborative presentation of the chief Christian doctrines in light of their traditional theological formulations, their historical development, and contemporary challenges. Joined by David Tracy, Langdon Gilkey, Edward Farley, Sallie McFague, and many others, Hodgson and King explore the task of theology, method, scripture and traditions, God, revelation, creation, human being, sin and evil, Christ and salvation, church, sacraments, the Spirit and Christian life, the reign of God, other religions, and "the Christian paradigm."Each chapter sets forth the primary shape and substance of a doctrine, its historical development, "how that tradition has been challenged and transformed under the pressures of modern thought," and new and persistent issues that set the agenda for future theological work.Written with intelligence and verve, and newly updated, Christian Theology has proven a superlative introduction to Christianity's classical heritage and its future theological horizons. Companion volumes include Readings in Christian Theology and Reconstructing Christian Theology..

,

Biblica | ,

Biblica Pdf/ePub eBook Biblica Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1932 | Ebook Reads: 1932 | File: Biblica.pdf/epub | ISBNCode:

DOWNLOAD

Biblica - , Preview:

.

Religion

An Unpredictable Gospel | Jay Riley Case

An Unpredictable Gospel Pdf/ePub eBook An Unpredictable Gospel Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 769 | Ebook Reads: 769 | File: An Unpredictable Gospel.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0199773084

DOWNLOAD

An Unpredictable Gospel - Jay Riley Case Preview:

The astonishing growth of Christianity in the global South over the course of the twentieth century has sparked an equally rapid growth in studies of ''World Christianity,'' which have dismantled the notion that Christianity is a Western religion. What, then, are we to make of the waves of Western missionaries who have, for centuries, been evangelizing in the global South? Were they merely, as many have argued, agents of imperialism out to impose Western values? In An Unpredictable Gospel, Jay Case examines the efforts of American evangelical missionaries in light of this new scholarship. He argues that if they were agents of imperialism, they were poor ones. Western missionaries had a dismal record of converting non-Westerners to Christianity. The ministries that were most successful were those that empowered the local population and adapted to local cultures. In fact, influence often flowed the other way, with missionaries serving as conduits for ideas that shaped American evangelicalism. Case traces these currents and sheds new light on the relationship between Western and non-Western Christianities..

Social Science

American Buddhism | Christopher Queen,Duncan Ryuken Williams

American Buddhism Pdf/ePub eBook American Buddhism Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 605 | Ebook Reads: 605 | File: American Buddhism.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1136830405

DOWNLOAD

American Buddhism - Christopher Queen,Duncan Ryuken Williams Preview:

This is the first scholarly treatment of the emergence of American Buddhist Studies as a significant research field. Until now, few investigators have turned their attention to the interpretive challenge posed by the presence of all the traditional lineages of Asian Buddhism in a consciously multicultural society. Nor have scholars considered the place of their own contributions as writers, teachers, and practising Buddhists in this unfolding saga. In thirteen chapters and a critical introduction to the field, the book treats issues such as Asian American Buddhist identity, the new Buddhism, Buddhism and American culture, and the scholar's place in American Buddhist Studies. The volume offers complete lists of dissertations and theses on American Buddhism and North American dissertations and theses on topics related to Buddhism since 1892..

Religion

Foucault’s Heterotopia in Christian Catacombs | E. Smith

Foucault’s Heterotopia in Christian Catacombs Pdf/ePub eBook Foucault’s Heterotopia in Christian Catacombs Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 376 | Ebook Reads: 376 | File: Foucault’s Heterotopia in Christian Catacombs.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1137468041

DOWNLOAD

Foucault’s Heterotopia in Christian Catacombs - E. Smith Preview:

The catacombs of Rome have captured imaginations for centuries. This innovative study takes a fresh look at these underground spaces, and considers how art, space, texts, and practices can tell us more about the catacombs and the people who dug and decorated them..

History

The Grass Roots of English History | David Hey

The Grass Roots of English History Pdf/ePub eBook The Grass Roots of English History Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1926 | Ebook Reads: 1926 | File: The Grass Roots of English History.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1474262538

DOWNLOAD

The Grass Roots of English History - David Hey Preview:

In medieval and early modern Britain, people would refer to their local district as their 'country', a term now largely forgotten but still used up until the First World War. Core groups of families that remained rooted in these 'countries', often bearing distinctive surnames still in use today, shaped local culture and passed on their traditions. In The Grass Roots of English History, David Hey examines the differing nature of the various local societies that were found throughout England in these periods. The book provides an update on the progress that has been made in recent years in our understanding of the history of ordinary people living in different types of local societies throughout England, and demonstrates the value of studying the varied landscapes of England, from towns to villages, farmsteads, fields and woods to highways and lanes, and historic buildings from cathedrals to cottages. With its broad coverage from the medieval period up to the Industrial Revolution, the book shows how England's socio-economic landscape had changed over time, employing evidence provided by archaeology, architecture, botany, cultural studies, linguistics and historical demography. The Grass Roots of English History provides an up-to-date account of the present state of knowledge about ordinary people in local societies throughout England written by an authority in the field, and as such will be of great value to all scholars of local and family history..

Religion

The Fight for Asian American Civil Rights | Sarah M Griffith

The Fight for Asian American Civil Rights Pdf/ePub eBook The Fight for Asian American Civil Rights Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1701 | Ebook Reads: 1701 | File: The Fight for Asian American Civil Rights.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0252050355

DOWNLOAD

The Fight for Asian American Civil Rights - Sarah M Griffith Preview:

From the early 1900s, liberal Protestants grafted social welfare work onto spiritual concerns on both sides of the Pacific. Their goal: to forge links between whites and Asians that countered anti-Asian discrimination in the United States. Their test: uprooting racial hatreds that, despite their efforts, led to the shameful incarceration of Japanese Americans in World War II. Sarah M. Griffith draws on the experiences of liberal Protestants, and the Young Men's Christian Association in particular, to reveal the intellectual, social, and political forces that powered this movement. Engaging a wealth of unexplored primary and secondary sources, Griffith explores how YMCA leaders and their partners in the academy and distinct Asian American communities labored to mitigate racism. The alliance's early work, based in mainstream ideas of assimilation and integration, ran aground on the Japanese exclusion law of 1924. Yet their vision of Christian internationalism and interracial cooperation maintained through the World War II internment trauma. As Griffith shows, liberal Protestants emerged from that dark time with a reenergized campaign to reshape Asian-white relations in the postwar era..

Religion

Religion in the 21st Century | Lisbet Christoffersen,Margit Warburg

Religion in the 21st Century Pdf/ePub eBook Religion in the 21st Century Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1447 | Ebook Reads: 1447 | File: Religion in the 21st Century.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1317067517

DOWNLOAD

Religion in the 21st Century - Lisbet Christoffersen,Margit Warburg Preview:

In spite of the debate about secularization or de-secularization, the existential-bodily need for religion is basically the same as always. What have been changed are the horizons within which religions are interpreted and the relationships within which religions are integrated. This book explores how religions continue to challenge secular democracy and science, and how religions are themselves being challenged by secular values and practices. All traditions - whether religious or secular - experience a struggle over authority, and this struggle seems to intensify with globalization, as it has brought people around the world in closer contact with each other. In this book internationally leading scholars from sociology, law, political science, religious studies, theology and the religion and science debate, take stock of the current interdisciplinary research on religion and open new perspectives at the cutting edge of the debate on religion in the 21st century..

Religion

Christian Faith and Social Justice: Five Views | Vic McCracken

Christian Faith and Social Justice: Five Views Pdf/ePub eBook Christian Faith and Social Justice: Five Views Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1365 | Ebook Reads: 1365 | File: Christian Faith and Social Justice: Five Views.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1623567963

DOWNLOAD

Christian Faith and Social Justice: Five Views - Vic McCracken Preview:

The Judeo-Christian tradition testifies to a God that cries out, demanding that justice "roll down like waters, righteousness like an ever-flowing stream" (Amos 5:24). Christians agree that being advocates for justice is critical to the Christian witness. And yet one need not look widely to see that Christians disagree about what social justice entails. What does justice have to do with healthcare reform, illegal immigration, and same-sex marriage? Should Christians support tax policies that effectively require wealthy individuals to fund programs that benefit the poor? Does justice require that we acknowledge and address the inequalities borne out of histories of gender and ethnic exclusivity? Is the Christian vision distinct from non-Christian visions of social justice? Christians disagree over the proper answer to these questions. In short, Christians agree that justice is important but disagree about what a commitment to justice means. Christian Faith and Social Justice makes sense of the disagreements among Christians over the meaning of justice by bringing together five highly regarded Christian philosophers to introduce and defend rival perspectives on social justice in the Christian tradition. The positions advocated and critiqued are: libertarianism, political liberalism, liberation theology, feminism, and virtue ethics. While it aspires to offer a lucid introduction to these theories, the purpose of this book is more than informative. It is purposefully dialogical and is structured so that contributors are able to model for the reader reasoned exchange among philosophers who disagree about the meaning of social justice. The hope is that the reader is left with a better understanding of range of perspectives in the Christian tradition about social justice..

Religion

Valentinian Christianity | ,

Valentinian Christianity Pdf/ePub eBook Valentinian Christianity Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1233 | Ebook Reads: 1233 | File: Valentinian Christianity.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0520969804

DOWNLOAD

Valentinian Christianity - , Preview:

Valentinus, an Egyptian Christian who traveled to Rome to teach his unique brand of theology, and his followers, the Valentinians, formed one of the largest and most influential sects of Christianity in the second and third centuries. But by the fourth century, their writings had all but disappeared suddenly and mysteriously from the historical record, as the newly consolidated imperial Christian Church condemned as heretical all forms of what has come to be known as Gnosticism. Only in 1945 were their extensive original works finally rediscovered, and the resurrected “Gnostic Gospels” soon rooted themselves in both the scholarly and popular imagination. Valentinian Christianity: Texts and Translations brings together for the first time all the extant texts composed by Valentinus and his followers. With accessible introductions and fresh translations based on new transcriptions of the original Greek and Coptic manuscripts on facing pages, Geoffrey S. Smith provides an illuminating, balanced overview of Valentinian Christianity and its formative place in Christian history..

Literary Collections

ONCE UPON A SLAVE: 28 Powerful Memoirs Of Former Slaves & 100+ Recorded Testimonies in One Edition | Frederick Douglass,Solomon Northup,Willie Lynch,Nat Turner,Sojourner Truth,Harriet Jacobs,Mary Prince,William Craft,Ellen Craft,Louis Hughes,Jacob D. Green,Booker T. Washington,Olaudah Equiano,Elizabeth Keckley,William Still,Sarah H. Bradford,Josiah Henson,Charles Ball,Austin Steward,Henry Bibb,L. S. Thompson,Kate Drumgoold,Lucy A. Delaney,Moses Grandy,John Gabriel Stedman,Henry Box Brown,Margaretta Matilda Odell,Thomas S. Gaines,Brantz Mayer,Theodore Canot,Daniel Drayton,Thomas Clarkson,F. G. De Fontaine,John Dixon Long,Stephen Smith,Joseph Mountain,Ida B. Wells-Barnett,Lydia Maria Child,William Wells Brown

ONCE UPON A SLAVE: 28 Powerful Memoirs Of Former Slaves & 100+ Recorded Testimonies in One Edition Pdf/ePub eBook ONCE UPON A SLAVE: 28 Powerful Memoirs Of Former Slaves & 100+ Recorded Testimonies in One Edition Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1780 | Ebook Reads: 1780 | File: ONCE UPON A SLAVE: 28 Powerful Memoirs Of Former Slaves & 100+ Recorded Testimonies in One Edition.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 8027225507

DOWNLOAD

ONCE UPON A SLAVE: 28 Powerful Memoirs Of Former Slaves & 100+ Recorded Testimonies in One Edition - Frederick Douglass,Solomon Northup,Willie Lynch,Nat Turner,Sojourner Truth,Harriet Jacobs,Mary Prince,William Craft,Ellen Craft,Louis Hughes,Jacob D. Green,Booker T. Washington,Olaudah Equiano,Elizabeth Keckley,William Still,Sarah H. Bradford,Josiah Henson,Charles Ball,Austin Steward,Henry Bibb,L. S. Thompson,Kate Drumgoold,Lucy A. Delaney,Moses Grandy,John Gabriel Stedman,Henry Box Brown,Margaretta Matilda Odell,Thomas S. Gaines,Brantz Mayer,Theodore Canot,Daniel Drayton,Thomas Clarkson,F. G. De Fontaine,John Dixon Long,Stephen Smith,Joseph Mountain,Ida B. Wells-Barnett,Lydia Maria Child,William Wells Brown Preview:

This unique collection of "ONCE UPON A SLAVE: 28 Powerful Memoirs Of Former Slaves & 100+ Recorded Testimonies in One Edition" has been designed and formatted to the highest digital standards. Contents: Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass 12 Years a Slave by Solomon Northup The Underground Railroad The Willie Lynch Letter: The Making of Slave! Confessions of Nat Turner Narrative of Sojourner Truth Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, by Harriet Jacobs Harriet: The Moses of Her People History of Mary Prince Running a Thousand Miles for Freedom, by William and Ellen Craft Thirty Years a Slave: From Bondage to Freedom, by Louis Hughes Narrative of the Life of J. D. Green, a Runaway Slave Up From Slavery by Booker T. Washington Narrative of Olaudah Equiano Behind The Scenes - 30 Years a Slave & 4 Years in the White House, by Elizabeth Keckley Father Henson's Story of His Own Life Fifty Years in Chains, by Charles Ball Twenty-Two Years a Slave and Forty Years a Freeman, by Austin Steward Narrative of the Life of Henry Bibb Narrative of William W. Brown, a Fugitive Slave Story of Mattie J. Jackson A Slave Girl's Story, by Kate Drumgoold From the Darkness Cometh the Light, by Lucy A. Delaney Narrative of the Life of Moses Grandy Narrative of Joanna; An Emancipated Slave, of Surinam Narrative of the Life of Henry Box Brown, Who Escaped in a 3x2 Feet Box Memoir and Poems of Phillis Wheatley Buried Alive For a Quarter of a Century - Life of William Walker Pictures of Slavery in Church and State Dying Speech of Stephen Smith Who Was Executed for Burglary Life of Joseph Mountain Charge of Aiding and Abetting in the Rescue of a Fugitive Slave Lynch Law in All Its Phases Duty of Disobedience to the Fugitive Slave Act Captain Canot Pearl Incident: Personal Memoir of Daniel Drayton History of Abolition of African Slave-Trade History of American Abolitionism.

Religion

Ancient Christian Writers - The Works of the Fathers in Translation - St Gregory the Great: Pastoral Care | Johannes Quasten

Ancient Christian Writers - The Works of the Fathers in Translation - St Gregory the Great: Pastoral Care Pdf/ePub eBook Ancient Christian Writers - The Works of the Fathers in Translation - St Gregory the Great: Pastoral Care Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 677 | Ebook Reads: 677 | File: Ancient Christian Writers - The Works of the Fathers in Translation - St Gregory the Great: Pastoral Care.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1447496884

DOWNLOAD

Ancient Christian Writers - The Works of the Fathers in Translation - St Gregory the Great: Pastoral Care - Johannes Quasten Preview:

Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork..

Religion

Gospel Interpretation and Christian Life | Francis J Moloney

Gospel Interpretation and Christian Life Pdf/ePub eBook Gospel Interpretation and Christian Life Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1994 | Ebook Reads: 1994 | File: Gospel Interpretation and Christian Life.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1925643115

DOWNLOAD

Gospel Interpretation and Christian Life - Francis J Moloney Preview:

The voice of Francis J Moloney, SDB, has been heard in New Testament studies for many decades. Internationally famous for his work on the Gospel of John, this volume gathers studies that demonstrate the breadth and richness of his interests, beyond that well-established enterprise. The first part of the boom is dedicated to Gospel studies, with the majority of essays focussing upon the Gospel of Mark. They reflect his long interest and his major commentary on that Gospel (2012). Studies on Matthew, Luke and John complete these reflections..

Religion

Islam | Vartan Gregorian

Islam Pdf/ePub eBook Islam Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 503 | Ebook Reads: 503 | File: Islam.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0815796021

DOWNLOAD

Islam - Vartan Gregorian Preview:

After World War II, leading western powers focused their attention on fighting the "Red Menace," Communism. Today, as terrorist activity is increasingly linked to militant Islamism, some politicians and scholars fear a "Green Menace," a Pan-Islamic totalitarian movement fueled by monolithic religious ideology. Such fears have no foundation in history, according to Vartan Gregorian. In this succinct, powerful survey of Islam, Gregorian focuses on Muslim diversity and division, portraying the faith and its people as a mosaic, not a monolith. The book begins with an accessible overview of Islam's tenets, institutions, evolution, and historical role. Gregorian traces its origins and fundamental principles, from Muhammad's call to faith nearly 1,400 years ago to the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, and the subsequent abolition of the Caliphate. He focuses particular attention on the intense struggle between modernists and traditionalists, interaction between religion and nationalism, and key developments that have caused bitter divisions among Muslim nations and states: the partitions of Palestine, the break up and Islamization of Pakistan, the 1978 revolution in Iran, and the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Today Islamist views range across the entire spectra of religious and political thought, and Islamism is anything but a unified movement. While religious extremists have attempted to form a confederacy of like-minded radicals in many countries, much of the Muslim population lives in relatively modern, secular states. Gregorian urges Westerners to distinguish between activist Islamist parties, which promote—sometimes violently—Islam as an ideology in a theocratic state, and Islamic parties, whose traditional members want their secular political systems to co-exist with the moral principles of their religion. Gregorian emphasizes the importance of religion in today's world and urges states,societies, and intellectuals to intervene in order to prevent Islam--as well as other religions--from becoming the political tool of various parties and states. He recommends continuing dialogues between modernist and traditionalist Muslims, as well as among the educated, secular elite and their clerical counterparts. He also urges U.S.-led efforts to engage and better understand the diversity of Muslim communities in the United States and the world. Lamenting widespread U.S. ignorance of the world's fastest-growing religion, Gregorian calls on "enlightened citizens" to promote international understanding, tolerance, and peace..

,

The Latin & Irish Lives of Ciaran Translations of Christian Literature: Lives of the Celtic Saints | Anonymous

The Latin & Irish Lives of Ciaran Translations of Christian Literature: Lives of the Celtic Saints Pdf/ePub eBook The Latin & Irish Lives of Ciaran Translations of Christian Literature: Lives of the Celtic Saints Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1616 | Ebook Reads: 1616 | File: The Latin & Irish Lives of Ciaran Translations of Christian Literature: Lives of the Celtic Saints.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1465506446

DOWNLOAD

The Latin & Irish Lives of Ciaran Translations of Christian Literature: Lives of the Celtic Saints - Anonymous Preview:

.

Social Science

Encountering Modernity | Albert L. Park,David K. Yoo

Encountering Modernity Pdf/ePub eBook Encountering Modernity Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 501 | Ebook Reads: 501 | File: Encountering Modernity.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0824840178

DOWNLOAD

Encountering Modernity - Albert L. Park,David K. Yoo Preview:

The story of Catholicism and Protestantism in China, Japan, and Korea has been told in great detail. The existing literature is especially rich in documenting church and missionary activities as well as how varied regions and cultures have translated Christian ideas and practices. Less evident, however, are studies that contextualize Christianity within the larger economic, political, social, and cultural developments in each of the three countries and its diasporas. The contributors to Encountering Modernity address such concerns and collectively provide insights into Christianity’s role in the development of East Asia and as it took shape among East Asians in the United States. The work brings together studies of Christianity in China, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan and its diasporas to expand the field through new angles of vision and interpretation. Its mode of analysis not only results in a deeper understanding of Christianity, but also produces more informed and nuanced histories of East Asian countries that take seriously the structures and sensibilities of religion—broadly understood and within a national and transnational context. It critically investigates how Protestant Christianity was negotiated and interpreted by individuals in Korea, China (with a brief look at Taiwan), and Japan starting in the nineteenth century as all three countries became incorporated into the global economy and the international nation-state system anchored by the West. People in East Asia from various walks of life studied and, in some cases, embraced principles of Christianity as a way to frame and make meaningful the economic, political, and social changes they experienced because of modernity. Encountering Modernity makes a significant contribution by moving beyond issues of missiology and church history to ask how Christianity represented an encounter with modernity that set into motion tremendous changes throughout East Asia and in transnational diasporic communities in the United States..

Poetry

Select Poetry Chiefly Devotional of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth | Edward Farr

Select Poetry Chiefly Devotional of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth Pdf/ePub eBook Select Poetry Chiefly Devotional of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1808 | Ebook Reads: 1808 | File: Select Poetry Chiefly Devotional of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1606084356

DOWNLOAD

Select Poetry Chiefly Devotional of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth - Edward Farr Preview:

.