Law

National Security, Public Health: Exceptions to Human Rights? | Myriam Feinberg,Laura Niada-Avshalom,Brigit Toebes

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The book deals with the complicated relationships between national security and human rights, and between public health and human rights. Its premise is the fact that national security and public health are both included in human rights instruments as ‘exceptions’ to the human rights therein sanctioned, yet they can arguably be considered as human rights themselves and be equally valuable. The book therefore asks to what extent the protection of the individual could – or should – be overridden to enable the protection of the national security or public health of the general public. Both practice and case law have shown that human rights risk being set aside when they clash with the protection of national security or public health. Through theoretical analysis and practical examples, the book addresses the conflicts that arise when the concepts of national security and public health are used – and abused – and other rights, including freedom of speech, procedural freedoms, individual health, are violated as a consequence. It provides many interesting findings on the values that states are ready to protect – and forego – to ensure their safety, which can contribute to the ongoing debate on the protection of human rights. This book was originally published as a special issue of The International Journal of Human Rights..

Biography & Autobiography

Un enfant du Bronx | Colin Powell,Joseph E. Persico

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Colin Powell est l'incarnation du rêve américain. Né de parents jamaïcains, il a connu la jungle des rues avant d'entamer une brillante carrière dans l'armée puis à Washington. Le reste appartient à l'histoire. L'homme qui a été à la tête des armées des États-Unis, aujourd'hui l'une des figures qui comptent dans la vie politique américaine, raconte son parcours : du bourbier vietnamien aux garnisons de Corée, du Sud profond aux couloirs du Pentagone et aux antichambres de la Maison-Blanche, sous Reagan et Bush, à l'époque de la Guerre des Étoiles, comme au moment de l'Irangate ou de la guerre du Golfe..

Law

National Security and Double Government | Michael J. Glennon

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Why has U.S. security policy scarcely changed from the Bush to the Obama administration? National Security and Double Government offers a disquieting answer. Michael J. Glennon challenges the myth that U.S. security policy is still forged by America's visible, "Madisonian institutions" - the President, Congress, and the courts. Their roles, he argues, have become largely illusory. Presidential control is now nominal, congressional oversight is dysfunctional, and judicial review is negligible. The book details the dramatic shift in power that has occurred from the Madisonian institutions to a concealed "Trumanite network" - the several hundred managers of the military, intelligence, diplomatic, and law enforcement agencies who are responsible for protecting the nation and who have come to operate largely immune from constitutional and electoral restraints. Reform efforts face daunting obstacles. Remedies within this new system of "double government" require the hollowed-out Madisonian institutions to exercise the very power that they lack. Meanwhile, reform initiatives from without confront the same pervasive political ignorance within the polity that has given rise to this duality. The book sounds a powerful warning about the need to resolve this dilemma-and the mortal threat posed to accountability, democracy, and personal freedom if double government persists. This paperback version features an Afterword that addresses the emerging danger posed by populist authoritarianism rejecting the notion that the security bureaucracy can or should be relied upon to block it..

Law

Self- and Co-regulation in Cybercrime, Cybersecurity and National Security | Tatiana Tropina,Cormac Callanan

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The ever increasing use of computers, networks and the Internet has led to the need for regulation in the fields of cybercrime, cybersecurity and national security. This SpringerBrief provides insights into the development of self- and co-regulatory approaches to cybercrime and cybersecurity in the multi-stakeholder environment. It highlights the differences concerning the ecosystem of stakeholders involved in each area and covers government supported initiatives to motivate industry to adopt self-regulation. Including a review of the drawbacks of existing forms of public-private collaboration, which can be attributed to a specific area (cybercrime, cybersecurity and national security), it provides some suggestions with regard to the way forward in self- and co-regulation in securing cyberspace..

Political Science

India’s National Security | Satish Kumar

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The global security environment in the last five years has been characterised by a state of ‘no war, no peace’ among major powers, resulting in a state of uncertainty about their national security objectives. For instance, the US has been concerned about the attitudes of Iran, Russia, North Korea, China, and others, and yet did not expect a direct military conflict with them. On the other hand, China has expanded its naval strategy from a mere ‘off-shore defence’ to ‘open seas protection’ and has called for both ‘defence and offence’ instead of merely ‘territorial air defence’, thereby indicating preparedness for the possibility of a military confrontation. The major powers have been thus groping for suitable responses to their threat perceptions. It is in this kind of a complex and confusing international environment that India, as a rising power, has been called upon to wade through its strategic partnerships with major powers and nurture friendships with various Asian and African countries. This sixteenth volume of India’s National Security Annual Review offers indispensable information and evaluation on matters pertaining to national security. It undertakes a thorough analysis of the trends to provide a backdrop to India’s engagement with various countries. The volume also discusses persisting threats from China and Pakistan. With contributions from experts from the fields of diplomacy, academia, and civil and military services, the book will be one of the most dependable sources of analyses for scholars of international relations, foreign policy, defence and strategic studies, and political science, and practitioners alike..

Political Science

Limited Achievements | Z. Laïdi

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Through an analysis of the general principles of Obama's foreign policy, LaIdi shows how Obama has charted a realist course in the Middle East, in Europe, in diplomacy, and in war..

Computers

Techniques and Applications for Advanced Information Privacy and Security: Emerging Organizational, Ethical, and Human Issues | Nemati, Hamid

Techniques and Applications for Advanced Information Privacy and Security: Emerging Organizational, Ethical, and Human Issues Pdf/ePub eBook Techniques and Applications for Advanced Information Privacy and Security: Emerging Organizational, Ethical, and Human Issues Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 660 | Ebook Reads: 660 | File: Techniques and Applications for Advanced Information Privacy and Security: Emerging Organizational, Ethical, and Human Issues.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1605662119

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"This book provides a thorough understanding of issues and concerns in information technology security"--Provided by publisher..

Political Science

Imported Oil and U.S. National Security | Keith Crane,Andreas Goldthau,Michael Toman,Thomas Light,Stuart E. Johnson

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In 2007, the United States imported 58 percent of the oil it consumed. This book critically evaluates commonly suggested links between these imports and U.S. national security and assesses the economic, political, and military costs and benefits of potential policies to alleviate imported oil?related challenges to U.S. national security..

Computers

Handbook of Research on Public Information Technology | Garson, G. David,Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi

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"This book compiles estimable research on the global trend toward the rapidly increasing use of information technology in the public sector, discussing such issues as e-government and e-commerce; project management and information technology evaluation; system design and data processing; security and protection; and privacy, access, and ethics of public information technology"--Provided by publisher..

Fiction

Femmes sans merci | Camilla Läckberg

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Ingrid Steen a renoncé à sa carrière de journaliste le jour où son mari infidèle a été promu éditeur en chef. Depuis, elle s’occupe de leur fille et s’efforce de maintenir l’image d’un mariage parfait. Viktoria Brunberg est misérable, enchaînée aux fourneaux dans sa maison de Sillbo. Quand elle a découvert la véritable nature de son mari Malte, il était déjà trop tard. Birgitta Nilsson, bientôt à la retraite, n’arrive pas à se libérer de son mari abusif. Depuis des années, elle fait tout pour cacher ses bleus. Extrêmement différentes, ces trois femmes ont une chose en commun : elles sont toutes coincées dans des mariages destructeurs et toxiques. Via un forum sur le Net elles concluent un pacte : chacune va commettre le meurtre parfait en assassinant le mari de l’une des autres..

Political Science

American National Security | Michael J. Meese,Suzanne C. Nielsen,Rachel M. Sondheimer

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Highlights include:; An updated look at national security threats, military operations, and homeland security challenges ; An analysis of the evolving roles of the president, Congress, the intelligence community, the military, and other institutions involved in national security; A revised consideration of the strengths, limitations, and employment of instruments of national power, including diplomacy, information, economic tools, and armed forces; An exploration of the economic and national security implications of globalization; An enhanced examination of the proliferation of transnational threats, including security challenges in space and in cyberspace; A new assessment of how international, political, and economic trends may change US leadership of the post–World War II international order; A comprehensive update on changing dynamics in key states and regions, including Russia, China, East Asia, the Middle East, South Asia, Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin AmericaAn authoritative book that explains US national security policy, actors, and processes in a wide-ranging yet understandable way, American National Security addresses key issues, including challenges to the free and open international order, the reemergence of strategic competition among great powers, terrorism, economic and fiscal constraints, and rapid advances in information and technology..

Political Science

Security Strategies in the Asia-Pacific | A. Tan

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This book argues that, given the existence of a discrete Malay archipelago security complex, it is a fallacy for the United States to approach this region primarily through the prism of global counter-terrorism.

Political Science

Confronting the Colonies | Rory Cormac

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Moving the debate beyond the place of tactical intelligence in counterinsurgency warfare, Confronting the Colonies considers the view from Whitehall, where the biggest decisions were made. It reveals the evolving impact of strategic intelligence upon government understandings of, and policy responses to, insurgent threats. Confronting the Colonies demonstrates for the first time how, in the decades after World War Two, the intelligence agenda expanded to include non-state actors, insurgencies, and irregular warfare. It explores the challenges these emerging threats posed to intelligence assessment and how they were met with varying degrees of success. Such issues remain of vital importance today. By examining the relationship between intelligence and policy, Cormac provides original and revealing insights into government thinking in the era of decolonisation, from the origins of nationalist unrest to the projection of dwindling British power. He demonstrates how intelligence (mis-)understood the complex relationship between the Cold War, nationalism, and decolonisation; how it fuelled fierce Whitehall feuding; and how it shaped policymakers' attempts to integrate counterinsurgency into broader strategic policy..

Philosophy

Modern Concepts of Security | James Ohwofasa Akpeninor

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AKPENINOR James Ohwofasa is an accomplished multi-disciplinary Author who has authored several Books and Articles across the the fields of Political science, Criminology & Security studies, Environmental science and Theology. I have been associated with the security operations at various levels of jurisdictions from the National security policing (covert operations) to the Industrial/Commercial security setup; to Corporation’s proprietary security practice and supervision over the past three and a half decades. In this stretch, I have become conscious of the vital necessity for comprehensive documentation of security and safety archetypes for the study of this unique profession in which reference materials for developing core and universal curricula for training or self improvement of security operatives are hard to come by. Most often, law enforcement agents or persons charged with security managements - Security Directors, Fire Safety Directors, the police and even Contract Security firms have hardly come to terms with the Herculean professional demands of this specialized professional calling which has conspicuously assumed the centre stage of global awareness of the present-day. It is with these concerns that this book is designed to be a working companion to personnel and agencies in the security professional trade – the Armed forces personnel together with other national security agents (DSS, DIA, NIA, NDLEA, etc.); the Para-military (Police, ICPC, EFCC, Customs & Excise Immigrations departments, FRSC, NCDC and a host of others). Emphatically, modern security outlook incorporates the Human Security schools of thought which is all about the practice of international security that is a shift from the traditional conception of national security (a state-centred approach) to focus on the individual, which is yet to be cultivated in the African continent resulting in enduring problems of disease, poverty, security adversities, violence, human rights abuses and civil strives. This professional security guidebook is hence meant to offer sound basic knowledge for security practitioners, contract security firms as well as for individual reading to boost security consciousness of the entire public..

Law

Russian Approaches to International Law | Lauri Mälksoo

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This book addresses a simple question: how do Russians understand international law? Is it the same understanding as in the West or is it in some ways different and if so, why? It answers these questions by drawing on from three different yet closely interconnected perspectives: history, theory, and recent state practice. The work uses comparative international law as starting point and argues that in order to understand post-Soviet Russia's state and scholarly approaches to international law, one should take into account the history of ideas in Russia. To an extent, Russian understandings of international law differ from what is considered the mainstream in the West. One specific feature of this book is that it goes inside the language of international law as it is spoken and discussed in post-Soviet Russia, especially the scholarly literature in the Russian language, and relates this literature to the history of international law as discipline in Russia. Recent state practice such as the annexation of Crimea in 2014, Russia's record in the UN Security Council, the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, prominent cases in investor-state arbitration, and the creation of the Eurasian Economic Union are laid out and discussed in the context of increasingly popular 'civilizational' ideas, the claim that Russia is a unique civilization and therefore not part of the West. The implications of this claim for the future of international law, its universality, and regionalism are discussed..

Political Science

National Security Intelligence | Loch K. Johnson

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National security intelligence is a vast, complex, and important topic, made doubly hard for citizens to understand because of the thick veils of secrecy that surround it. In the second edition of his definitive introduction to the field, leading intelligence expert Loch K. Johnson guides readers skilfully through this shadowy side of government. Drawing on over forty years of experience studying intelligence agencies and their activities, he explains the three primary missions of intelligence: information collection and analysis, counterintelligence, and covert action, before moving on to explore the wider dilemmas posed by the existence of secret government organizations in open, democratic societies. Recent developments including the controversial leaks by the American intelligence official Edward J. Snowden, the U.S. Senate's Torture Report, and the ongoing debate over the use of drones are explored alongside difficult questions such as why intelligence agencies inevitably make mistakes in assessing world events; why some intelligence officers choose to engage in treason against their own country on behalf of foreign regimes; and how spy agencies can succumb to scandals -including highly intrusive surveillance against the very citizens they are meant to protect. Comprehensively revised and updated throughout, National Security Intelligence is tailor-made to meet the interests of students and general readers who care about how nations shield themselves against threats through the establishment of intelligence organizations, and how they strive for safeguards to prevent the misuse of this secret power..

Political Science

The Emergency State | David C. Unger

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Editor’s Choice, NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW “Ambitious and valuable” --WASHINGTON POST America is trapped in a state of war that has consumed our national life since before Pearl Harbor. Over seven decades and several bloody wars, Democratic and Republican politicians alike have assembled an increasing complicated—and increasingly ineffective—network of security services. Trillions of tax dollars have been diverted from essential domestic needs while the Pentagon created a worldwide web of military bases, inventing new American security interests where none previously existed. Yet this pursuit has not only damaged our democratic institutions and undermined our economic strength—it has fundamentally failed to make us safer. In The Emergency State, senior New York Times journalist David C. Unger reveals the hidden costs of America’s obsessive pursuit of absolute national security, showing how this narrow-minded emphasis on security came to distort our political life. Unger reminds us that in the first 150 years of the American republic the U.S. valued limited military intervention abroad, along with the checks and balances put in place by the founding fathers. Yet American history took a sharp turn during and just after World War II, when we began building a vast and cumbersome complex of national security institutions and beliefs. Originally designed to wage hot war against Germany and cold war against the Soviet Union, our security bureaucracy has become remarkably ineffective at confronting the elusive, non-state sponsored threats we now face. The Emergency State traces a series of missed opportunities—from the end of World War II to the election of Barack Obama—when we could have paused to rethink our defense strategy and didn’t. We have ultimately failed to dismantle our outdated national security state because both parties are equally responsible for its expansion. While countless books have exposed the damage wrought by George W. Bush's "war on terror," Unger shows it was only the natural culmination of decades of bipartisan emergency state logic—and argues that Obama, along with many previous Democratic presidents, has failed to shift course in any meaningful way. The Emergency State: America’s Pursuit of Absolute Security At All Costs reveals the depth of folly into which we’ve fallen, as Americans eagerly trade away the country’s greatest strengths for a fleeting illusion of safety. Provocative, insightful, and refreshingly nonpartisan, The Emergency State is the definitive untold story of how America became this vulnerable—and how it can build true security again..

Political Science

Die Europäische Sicherheitsstrategie der Europäischen Union und die National Security Strategy der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika - eine Analyse der Sicherheitsstrategien | Sascha Tiedemann

Die Europäische Sicherheitsstrategie der Europäischen Union und die National Security Strategy der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika - eine Analyse der Sicherheitsstrategien Pdf/ePub eBook Die Europäische Sicherheitsstrategie der Europäischen Union und die National Security Strategy der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika - eine Analyse der Sicherheitsstrategien Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1116 | Ebook Reads: 1116 | File: Die Europäische Sicherheitsstrategie der Europäischen Union und die National Security Strategy der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika - eine Analyse der Sicherheitsstrategien.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 3955498158

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Die vorliegende Arbeit beschäftigt sich mit einem analytischen Vergleich der Sicherheitsstrategien der Europäischen Union (EU) und der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika (USA). Besonders nach den Geschehnissen des 11.September 2001 erhalten die sicherheitspolitischen Richtlinien der untersuchten Akteure eine besondere Bedeutung. Während die EU im Zuge seiner stetigen Integration erstmals 2003 eine solche Strategie erstellte, ist die National Security Strategy seit vielen Dekaden ein fester Bestandteil der sicherheitspolitischen Perspektiven. Zentrale These der Arbeit ist, dass es gravierende Unterschiede und wenig Gemeinsamkeiten der Strategiepapiere gibt, da Interessen und Mittel zur Umsetzung der jeweiligen Strategien elementar voneinander abweichen. Neben der Darstellung der beiden Strategien werden Überblicke und Definitionen zur Thematik gegeben sowie ein Exkurs zur praktischen Umsetzung in militärischen- und sicherheitspolitischen Engagements. Weiterhin beinhaltet die Arbeit eine Reihe von Primär- und Sekundärquellen, die zur weiteren Beschäftigung der Thematik vertieft werden können..

Business & Economics

Cybersecurity | Kim J. Andreasson

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The Internet has given rise to new opportunities for the public sector to improve efficiency and better serve constituents. But with an increasing reliance on the Internet, digital tools are also exposing the public sector to new risks. This accessible primer focuses on the convergence of globalization, connectivity, and the migration of public sector functions online. It examines emerging trends and strategies from around the world and offers practical guidance for addressing contemporary risks. It supplies an overview of relevant U.S. Federal cyber incident response policies and outlines an organizational framework for assessing risk..

Political Science

Media Practice in Iraq | A. Al-Rawi

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A historical survey of the Iraqi media from its beginning up to the present day, focusing on the post-2003 media scene and the political and societal divisions that occurred in Iraq after US-led occupation. Investigates the nature of the media outlets and offers an analysis of the way Iraqi satellite channels covered the 2010 general elections..