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Measuring and Valuing Health Benefits for Economic Evaluation | ,

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There are not enough resources in health care systems around the world to fund all technically feasible and potentially beneficial health care interventions. Difficult choices have to be made, and economic evaluation offers a systematic and transparent process for informing such choices. A key component of economic evaluation is how to value the benefits of health care in a way that permits comparison between health care interventions, such as through costs per quality-adjusted life years (QALY). Measuring and Valuing Health Benefits for Economic Evaluation examines the measurement and valuation of health benefits, reviews the explosion of theoretical and empirical work in the field, and explores an area of research that continues to be a major source of debate. It addresses the key questions in the field including: the definition of health, the techniques of valuation, who should provide the values, techniques for modelling health state values, the appropriateness of tools in children and vulnerable groups, cross cultural issues, and the problem of choosing the right instrument. This new edition contains updated empirical examples and practical applications, which help to clarify the readers understanding of real world contexts. It features a glossary containing the common terms used by practitioners, and has been updated to cover new measures of health and wellbeing, such as ICECAP, ASCOT and AQOL. It takes into account new research into the social weighting of a QALY, the rising use of ordinal valuation techniques, use of the internet to collect data, and the use of health state utility values in cost effectiveness models. This is an ideal resource for anyone wishing to gain a specialised understanding of health benefit measurement in economic evaluation, especially those working in the fields of health economics, public sector economics, pharmacoeconomics, health services research, public health, and quality of life research..

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Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research | Rhiannon Tudor Edwards,Emma McIntosh

Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research Pdf/ePub eBook Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1431 | Ebook Reads: 1431 | File: Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0191057231

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In today's world of scare resources, determining the optimal allocation of funds to preventive health care interventions (PHIs) is a challenge. The upfront investments needed must be viewed as long term projects, the benefits of which we will experience in the future. The long term positive change to PHIs from economic investment can be seen across multiple sectors such as health care, education, employment and beyond. Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research is the fifth in the series of Handbooks in Health Economic Evaluation. It presents new research on health economics methodology and application to the evaluation of public health interventions. Looking at traditional as well as novel methods of economic evaluation, the book covers the history of economics of public health and the economic rationale for government investment in prevention. In addition, it looks at principles of health economics, evidence synthesis, key methods of economic evaluation with accompanying case studies, and much more. Looking to the future, Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research presents priorities for research in the field of public health economics. It acknowledges the role played by natural environment in promoting better health, and the place of genetics, environment and socioeconomic status in determining population health. Ideal for health economists, public health researchers, local government workers, health care professionals, and those responsible for health policy development. Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research is an important contribution to the economic discussion of public health and resource allocation..

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Valuing Health | Daniel M. Hausman

Valuing Health Pdf/ePub eBook Valuing Health Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 762 | Ebook Reads: 762 | File: Valuing Health.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0190233214

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In Valuing Health Daniel M. Hausman provides a philosophically sophisticated overview of generic health measurement that suggests improvements in standard methods and proposes a radical alternative. He shows how to avoid relying on surveys and instead evaluate health states directly. Hausman goes on to tackle the deep problems of evaluation, offering an account of fundamental evaluation that does not presuppose the assignment of values to the properties and consequences of alternatives. After discussing the purposes of generic health measurement, Hausman defends a naturalistic concept of health and its relations to measures such as quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). In examining current health-measurement systems, Valuing Health clarifies their value commitments and the objections to relying on preference surveys to assign values to health states. Relying on an interpretation of liberal political philosophy, Hausman argues that the public value of health states should be understood in terms of the activity limits and suffering that health states impose. Hausman also addresses the moral conundrums that arise when policy-makers attempt to employ the values of health states to estimate the health benefits of alternative policies and to adopt the most cost-effective. He concludes with a general discussion of the difficulties of combining consequentialist and non-consequentialist moral considerations in policy-making..

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Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research | Rhiannon Tudor Edwards,Emma McIntosh

Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research Pdf/ePub eBook Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 670 | Ebook Reads: 670 | File: Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0191057223

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In today's world of scare resources, determining the optimal allocation of funds to preventive health care interventions (PHIs) is a challenge. The upfront investments needed must be viewed as long term projects, the benefits of which we will experience in the future. The long term positive change to PHIs from economic investment can be seen across multiple sectors such as health care, education, employment and beyond. Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research is the fifth in the series of Handbooks in Health Economic Evaluation. It presents new research on health economics methodology and application to the evaluation of public health interventions. Looking at traditional as well as novel methods of economic evaluation, the book covers the history of economics of public health and the economic rationale for government investment in prevention. In addition, it looks at principles of health economics, evidence synthesis, key methods of economic evaluation with accompanying case studies, and much more. Looking to the future, Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research presents priorities for research in the field of public health economics. It acknowledges the role played by natural environment in promoting better health, and the place of genetics, environment and socioeconomic status in determining population health. Ideal for health economists, public health researchers, local government workers, health care professionals, and those responsible for health policy development. Applied Health Economics for Public Health Practice and Research is an important contribution to the economic discussion of public health and resource allocation..

Medical

Valuing Health | Daniel M. Hausman

Valuing Health Pdf/ePub eBook Valuing Health Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1310 | Ebook Reads: 1310 | File: Valuing Health.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0190233192

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Valuing Health - Daniel M. Hausman Preview:

In Valuing Health Daniel M. Hausman provides a philosophically sophisticated overview of generic health measurement that suggests improvements in standard methods and proposes a radical alternative. He shows how to avoid relying on surveys and instead evaluate health states directly. Hausman goes on to tackle the deep problems of evaluation, offering an account of fundamental evaluation that does not presuppose the assignment of values to the properties and consequences of alternatives. After discussing the purposes of generic health measurement, Hausman defends a naturalistic concept of health and its relations to measures such as quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). In examining current health-measurement systems, Valuing Health clarifies their value commitments and the objections to relying on preference surveys to assign values to health states. Relying on an interpretation of liberal political philosophy, Hausman argues that the public value of health states should be understood in terms of the activity limits and suffering that health states impose. Hausman also addresses the moral conundrums that arise when policy-makers attempt to employ the values of health states to estimate the health benefits of alternative policies and to adopt the most cost-effective. He concludes with a general discussion of the difficulties of combining consequentialist and non-consequentialist moral considerations in policy-making..

Social Science

Epidemiology and Demography in Public Health | Japhet Killewo,Kristian Heggenhougen,Stella R. Quah

Epidemiology and Demography in Public Health Pdf/ePub eBook Epidemiology and Demography in Public Health Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1473 | Ebook Reads: 1473 | File: Epidemiology and Demography in Public Health.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 9780123822017

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Epidemiology and Demography in Public Health provides practical guidance on planning and implementing surveillance and investigation of disease and disease outbreaks. Exploring contributing factors to the dynamics of disease transmission and the identification of population risks, it also includes a discussion of ehtics in epidemiology and demography including important issues of privacy vs. public safety. With a chapter on H1N1 and Bird flu, this book will be important for students and professionals in public health and epidemiology. Focuses on the techniques of surveillance and investigation of disease Includes biostatistics and analysis techniques Explores the ethics of disease studies Includes chapter discussing H1N1 and Bird Flu.

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Promoting Health, Preventing Disease The Economic Case | OECD,World Health Organization

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A growing body of evidence from economic studies shows areas where appropriate policies can generate health and other benefits at an affordable cost, sometimes reducing health expenditure and helping to redress health inequalities at the same time..

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Principles in Health Economics and Policy | Jan Abel Olsen

Principles in Health Economics and Policy Pdf/ePub eBook Principles in Health Economics and Policy Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1350 | Ebook Reads: 1350 | File: Principles in Health Economics and Policy.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0192513737

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Principles in Health Economics and Policy, second edition, is a concise introduction to health economics and its application to health policy. It introduces the subject of economics, explains the fundamental failures in the market for healthcare, and discusses the concepts of equity and fairness when applied to health and healthcare. This new edition presents a globally-relevant, policy-oriented approach, that emphasizes the application of economic analysis to universal health policy issues in an accessible manner. It explores four key questions currently facing health policy-makers across the globe: How should society intervene in the determinants that affect health? How should healthcare be financed? How should healthcare providers be paid? And, how should alternative healthcare programmes be evaluated when setting priorities? The book is an ideal guide to everyone interested in how the tools of health economics can be applied when shaping health policy..

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Quality of Life Outcomes in Clinical Trials and Health-Care Evaluation | Stephen J. Walters

Quality of Life Outcomes in Clinical Trials and Health-Care Evaluation Pdf/ePub eBook Quality of Life Outcomes in Clinical Trials and Health-Care Evaluation Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 592 | Ebook Reads: 592 | File: Quality of Life Outcomes in Clinical Trials and Health-Care Evaluation.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 9780470871911

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An essential, up-to-date guide to the design of studies and selection of the correct QoL instruments for observational studies and clinical trials. Quality of Life (QoL) outcomes or Person/Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) are now frequently being used in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies. This book provides a practical guide to the design, analysis and interpretation of studies that use such outcomes. QoL outcomes tend to generate data with discrete, bounded and skewed distributions. Many investigators are concerned about the appropriateness of using standard statistical methods to analyse QoL data and want guidance on what methods to use. QoL outcomes are frequently used in cross-sectional surveys and non-randomised health-care evaluations. Provides a user-friendly guide to the design and analysis of clinical trials and observational studies in relation to QoL outcomes. Discusses the problems caused by QoL outcomes and presents intervention options to help tackle them. Guides the reader step-by-step through the selection of appropriate QoLs. Features exercises and solutions and a supporting website providing downloadable data files. Illustrated throughout with examples and case studies drawn from the author’s experience, this book offers statisticians and clinicians guidance on choosing between the numerous available QoL instruments..

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Measuring the Global Burden of Disease | Nir Eyal,Samia A. Hurst,Christopher J.L. Murray,S. Andrew Schroeder,Daniel Wikler

Measuring the Global Burden of Disease Pdf/ePub eBook Measuring the Global Burden of Disease Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 372 | Ebook Reads: 372 | File: Measuring the Global Burden of Disease.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0190082577

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Measuring the Global Burden of Disease - Nir Eyal,Samia A. Hurst,Christopher J.L. Murray,S. Andrew Schroeder,Daniel Wikler Preview:

The Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) is one of the largest-scale research collaborations in global health, distilling a wide range of health information to provide estimates and projections for more than 350 diseases, injuries, and risk factors in 195 countries. Its results are a critical tool informing researchers, policy-makers, and others working to promote health around the globe. A study like the GBD is, of course, extremely complex from an empirical perspective. But it also raises a large number of complex ethical and philosophical questions that have been explored in a series of collaborations over the past twenty years among epidemiologists, philosophers, economists, and policy scholars. The essays in this volume address issues of current and urgent concern to the GBD and other epidemiological studies, including rival understandings of causation, the aggregation of complex health data, temporal discounting, age-weighting, and the valuation of health states. The volume concludes with a set of chapters discussing how epidemiological data should and should not be used. Better appreciating the philosophical dimensions of a study like the GBD can make possible a more sophisticated interpretation of its results, and it can improve epidemiological studies in the future, so that they are better suited to produce results that can help us to improve global health..

Psychology

Global Mental Health | Sabine Bährer-Kohler,Francisco Javier Carod-Artal

Global Mental Health Pdf/ePub eBook Global Mental Health Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 685 | Ebook Reads: 685 | File: Global Mental Health.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 3319591231

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This international survey defines mental health as a basic human right, and tracks the emergence of mental health prevention and promotion as a global priority. Locating mental illness within a cycle of negative causes and effects affecting human quality of life, the editors identify modern policy barriers to promotion/prevention initiatives, particularly the favoring of the biomedical health model by major stakeholders. The book’s selection of successful programs from diverse countries displays a lifespan approach, emphasizing the centrality of interdisciplinary educational settings in providing primary and secondary prevention and promotion interventions, and the ongoing fight against missing financial investigations, discrimination and stigma. Together, these papers make a forceful argument for rights- based responses to worldwide mental health needs as part of the commitment toward global human rights and long-term development goals. Included in the coverage: · Mental health priorities around the world. · Social determinants of mental health. · Mental health and stigma: aspects of anti-stigma interventions. · Promoting social and emotional wellbeing and responding to mental health problems in schools. · The promotion and delivery of mental health services in primary care settings. · Economic evaluation of mental health promotion and mental illness prevention. Bringing to the fore public health concerns that are too often marginalized, Global Mental Health is necessary reading for health professionals, health and clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, medical sociologists, and policymakers..

Medical

Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost-Effectiveness Analysis | Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee to Evaluate Measures of Health Benefits for Environmental, Health, and Safety Regulation

Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Pdf/ePub eBook Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1881 | Ebook Reads: 1881 | File: Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 9780309164849

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Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost-Effectiveness Analysis - Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee to Evaluate Measures of Health Benefits for Environmental, Health, and Safety Regulation Preview:

Promoting human health and safety by reducing exposures to risks and harms through regulatory interventions is among the most important responsibilities of the government. Such efforts encompass a wide array of activities in many different contexts: improving air and water quality; safeguarding the food supply; reducing the risk of injury on the job, in transportation, and from consumer products; and minimizing exposure to toxic chemicals. Estimating the magnitude of the expected health and longevity benefits and reductions in mortality, morbidity, and injury risks helps policy makers decide whether particular interventions merit the expected costs associated with achieving these benefits and inform their choices among alternative strategies. Valuing Health for Regulatory Cost-Effectiveness Analysis provides useful recommendations for how to measure health-related quality of- life impacts for diverse public health, safety, and environmental regulations. Public decision makers, regulatory analysts, scholars, and students in the field will find this an essential review text. It will become a standard reference for all government agencies and those consultants and contractors who support the work of regulatory programs..

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Encyclopedia of Pharmacy Practice and Clinical Pharmacy | ,

Encyclopedia of Pharmacy Practice and Clinical Pharmacy Pdf/ePub eBook Encyclopedia of Pharmacy Practice and Clinical Pharmacy Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1079 | Ebook Reads: 1079 | File: Encyclopedia of Pharmacy Practice and Clinical Pharmacy.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0128127368

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Encyclopedia of Pharmacy Practice and Clinical Pharmacy - , Preview:

Encyclopedia of Pharmacy Practice and Clinical Pharmacy covers definitions, concepts, methods, theories and applications of clinical pharmacy and pharmacy practice. It highlights why and how this field has a significant impact on healthcare. The work brings baseline knowledge, along with the latest, most cutting-edge research. In addition, new treatments, algorithms, standard treatment guidelines, and pharmacotherapies regarding diseases and disorders are also covered. The book's main focus lies on the pharmacy practice side, covering pharmacy practice research, pharmacovigilance, pharmacoeconomics, social and administrative pharmacy, public health pharmacy, pharmaceutical systems research, the future of pharmacy, and new interventional models of pharmaceutical care. By providing concise expositions on a broad range of topics, this book is an excellent resource for those seeking information beyond their specific areas of expertise. This outstanding reference is essential for anyone involved in the study of pharmacy practice. Provides a ‘one-stop’ resource for access to information written by world-leading scholars in the field Meticulously organized, with articles split into three clear sections, it is the ideal resource for students, researchers and professionals to find relevant information Contains concise and accessible chapters that are ideal as an authoritative introduction for non-specialists and readers from the undergraduate level upwards Includes multimedia options, such as hyperlinked references and further readings, cross-references and videos.

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Cost Effectiveness Modelling for Health Technology Assessment | Richard Edlin,Christopher McCabe,Claire Hulme,Peter Hall,Judy Wright

Cost Effectiveness Modelling for Health Technology Assessment Pdf/ePub eBook Cost Effectiveness Modelling for Health Technology Assessment Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 978 | Ebook Reads: 978 | File: Cost Effectiveness Modelling for Health Technology Assessment.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 3319157442

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This book provides an introduction to decision analytic cost-effectiveness modelling, giving the theoretical and practical knowledge required to design and implement analyses that meet the methodological standards of health technology assessment organisations. The book guides you through building a decision tree and Markov model and, importantly, shows how the results of cost-effectiveness analyses are interpreted. Given the complex nature of cost-effectiveness modelling and the often unfamiliar language that runs alongside it, we wanted to make this book as accessible as possible whilst still providing a comprehensive, in-depth, practical guide that reflects the state of the art – that includes the most recent developments in cost-effectiveness modelling. Although the nature of cost effectiveness modelling means that some parts are inevitably quite technical, across the 13 chapters we have broken down explanations of theory and methods into bite-sized pieces that you can work through at your own pace; we have provided explanations of terms and methods as we use them. Importantly, the exercises and online workbooks allow you to test your skills and understanding as you go along..

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An Introduction to Health Services Research | Dawn-Marie Walker

An Introduction to Health Services Research Pdf/ePub eBook An Introduction to Health Services Research Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1212 | Ebook Reads: 1212 | File: An Introduction to Health Services Research.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1446293459

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This is a primary, comprehensive textbook for people who are considering undertaking a piece of health-related research. It is an accessible companion with the aim of getting the reader to think broadly about all of the issues that need to be considered when embarking on a project. This is a pragmatic book, a step-by-step guide to research which mirrors the structure of a research project, taking you through the thought process for designing and conducting your study from formulating the right research question at idea inception, ascertaining what methodologies and analysis can answer what type of questions, right through to dissemination, all presented in an easy, digestible style. The book is full of case study illustrations and practical tips such as how to work out a research budget and obtaining funding for your project, discussion of what permissions need to obtained when conducting research with people, and how to involve public and patients. The authors are all experienced researchers and so this book is an accumulation of collective wisdom on common research challenges and issues..

Social Science

Qualitative Methods for Health Economics | Joanna Coast

Qualitative Methods for Health Economics Pdf/ePub eBook Qualitative Methods for Health Economics Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 995 | Ebook Reads: 995 | File: Qualitative Methods for Health Economics.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1783485639

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The first text to examine the use of qualitative research methods in health economics. It introduces students to the methods and demonstrates their application in case studies..

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Applied Methods of Cost-effectiveness Analysis in Healthcare | Alastair M. Gray,Philip M. Clarke,Jane L. Wolstenholme,Sarah Wordsworth

Applied Methods of Cost-effectiveness Analysis in Healthcare Pdf/ePub eBook Applied Methods of Cost-effectiveness Analysis in Healthcare Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1583 | Ebook Reads: 1583 | File: Applied Methods of Cost-effectiveness Analysis in Healthcare.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0191008036

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Applied Methods of Cost-effectiveness Analysis in Healthcare - Alastair M. Gray,Philip M. Clarke,Jane L. Wolstenholme,Sarah Wordsworth Preview:

The third volume in the Handbooks in Health Economic Evaluation series, this book provides the reader with a comprehensive set of instructions and examples of how to perform an economic evaluation of a health intervention. It focuses solely on cost-effectiveness analysis in health care. The book is developed out of the Advanced Methods of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis course taught at the University of Oxford and the four main sections mirror the four principal components of the course: Outcomes, Costs, Modelling using decision tress and Markov models, and Presenting cost-effectiveness results.&L ABOUT THE SERIES Series editors Alastair Gray and Andrew Briggs Economic evaluation of health intervention is a growing specialist field, and this series of practical handbooks tackles, in depth, topics superficially addressed in more general economics books. Each volume includes illustrative material, case histories and worked examples to encourage the reader to apply the methods discussed, with supporting material provided online. The series is for health economists in academia, the pharmaceutical industry and the health sector, those on advanced health economics courses, and health researchers in associated fields..

Medical

What's In, What's Out | Amanda Glassman,Ursula Giedion,Peter C. Smith

What's In, What's Out Pdf/ePub eBook What's In, What's Out Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 340 | Ebook Reads: 340 | File: What's In, What's Out.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1944691057

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Vaccinate children against deadly pneumococcal disease, or pay for cardiac patients to undergo lifesaving surgery? Cover the costs of dialysis for kidney patients, or channel the money toward preventing the conditions that lead to renal failure in the first place? Policymakers dealing with the realities of limited health care budgets face tough decisions like these regularly. And for many individuals, their personal health care choices are equally stark: paying for medical treatment could push them into poverty. Many low- and middle-income countries now aspire to universal health coverage, where governments ensure that all people have access to the quality health services they need without risk of impoverishment. But for universal health coverage to become reality, the health services offered must be consistent with the funds available—and this implies tough everyday choices for policymakers that could be the difference between life and death for those affected by any given condition or disease. The situation is particularly acute in low- and middle income countries where public spending on health is on the rise but still extremely low, and where demand for expanded services is growing rapidly. What’s In, What’s Out: Designing Benefits for Universal Health Coverage argues that the creation of an explicit health benefits plan—a defined list of services that are and are not available—is an essential element in creating a sustainable system of universal health coverage. With contributions from leading health economists and policy experts, the book considers the many dimensions of governance, institutions, methods, political economy, and ethics that are needed to decide what’s in and what’s out in a way that is fair, evidence-based, and sustainable over time..

Medical

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry | John R. Geddes,Nancy C. Andreasen,Guy M. Goodwin

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry Pdf/ePub eBook New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 847 | Ebook Reads: 847 | File: New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0192514024

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Over its two editions, The New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry has come to be regarded as one of the most popular and trusted standard psychiatry texts among psychiatrists and trainees. Bringing together 146 chapters from the leading figures in the discipline, it presents a comprehensive account of clinical psychiatry, with reference to its scientific basis and to the patient's perspective throughout. The New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry, Third Edition has been extensively re-structured and streamlined to keep pace with the significant developments that have taken place in the fields of clinical psychiatry and neuroscience since publication of the second edition in 2009. The new edition has been updated throughout to include the most recent versions of the two main classification systems—-the DSM-5 and the ICD-11—-used throughout the world for the diagnosis of mental disorders. In the years since publication of the first edition, many new and exciting discoveries have occurred in the biological sciences, which are having a major impact on how we study and practise psychiatry. In addition, psychiatry has fostered closer ties with philosophy, and these are leading to healthy discussions about how we should diagnose and treat mental illness. This new edition recognises these and other developments. Throughout, accounts of clinical practice are linked to the underlying science, and to the evidence for the efficacy of treatments. Physical and psychological treatments, including psychodynamic approaches, are covered in depth. The history of psychiatry, ethics, public health aspects, and public attitudes to psychiatry and to patients are all given due attention..

Medical

Prevention vs. Treatment | Halley S. Faust MD, MPH, MA,Paul T. Menzel Ph.D.

Prevention vs. Treatment Pdf/ePub eBook Prevention vs. Treatment Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1462 | Ebook Reads: 1462 | File: Prevention vs. Treatment.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0199837384

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Prevention vs. Treatment - Halley S. Faust MD, MPH, MA,Paul T. Menzel Ph.D. Preview:

Everyone knows the old adage, "an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure," but we seem not to live by it. In the Western world's health care it is commonly observed that prevention is underfunded while treatment attracts greater overall priority. This book explores this observation by examining the actual spending on prevention, the history of health policies and structural features that affect prevention's apparent relative lack of emphasis, the values that may justify priority for treatment or for prevention, and the religious and cultural traditions that have shaped the moral relationship between these two types of care. Economists, scholars of public health and preventive medicine, philosophers, lawyers, and religious ethicists contribute specific sophisticated discussions. Their descriptions and claims lean in various directions and are often surprising. For example, the imbalance between prevention and treatment may not be as great as is often thought, and we may be spending excessively on many preventive measures just as we do on treatments compelled by the felt demands of rescue. A standard practice in health economics that disadvantages prevention, "discounting" the value of future lives, may rest on weak empirical and moral grounds. And it is an "apocalyptic" religious tradition (Seventh-day Adventism) whose members have put some of the strongest and most effective priority on long-term prevention. Prevention vs. Treatment is distinctive in carefully clarifying the nature of the empirical and moral debates about the proper balance of prevention and treatment; the book pursues those debates from a wide range of perspectives, many not often heard from in health policy..