Social Science

Imperfect Oracle | ,

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Science and its offshoot, technology, enter into the very fabric of our society in so many ways that we cannot imagine life without them. We are surrounded by crises and debates over climate change, stem-cell research, AIDS, evolutionary theory and “intelligent design,” the use of DNA in solving crimes, and many other issues. Society is virtually forced to follow our natural tendency, which is to give great weight to the opinions of scientific experts. How is it that these experts have come to acquire such authority, and just how far does their authority reach? Does specialized knowledge entitle scientists to moral authority as well? How does scientific authority actually function in our society, and what are the countervailing social forces (including those deriving from law, politics, and religion) with which it has to contend? Theodore Brown seeks to answer such questions in this magisterial work of synthesis about the role of science in society. In Part I, he elucidates the concept of authority and its relation to autonomy, and then traces the historical growth of scientific authority and its place in contemporary American society. In Part II, he analyzes how scientific authority plays out in relation to other social domains, such as law, religion, government, and the public sphere..

Computers

Computing and Combinatorics | Danny Z. Chen,D.T. Lee

Computing and Combinatorics Pdf/ePub eBook Computing and Combinatorics Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1384 | Ebook Reads: 1384 | File: Computing and Combinatorics.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 3540369260

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This book presents the refereed proceedings of the 12th Annual International Computing and Combinatorics Conference, COCOON 2006, held in Taipei, Taiwan, August 2006. The book offers 52 revised full papers presented together with abstracts of 2 invited talks. The papers are organized in topical sections on computational economics, finance, and management, graph algorithms, computational complexity and computability, quantum computing, computational biology and medicine, computational geometry, graph theory, and more..

Science

Quantum Computation and Information | Hiroshi Imai,Masahito Hayashi

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This book reviews selected topics charterized by great progress and covers the field from theoretical areas to experimental ones. It contains fundamental areas, quantum query complexity, quantum statistical inference, quantum cloning, quantum entanglement, additivity. It treats three types of quantum security system, quantum public key cryptography, quantum key distribution, and quantum steganography. A photonic system is highlighted for the realization of quantum information processing..

Computers

Public-Key Cryptography – PKC 2017 | Serge Fehr

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The two-volume set LNCS 10174 and 10175 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 20th IACR International Conference on the Practice and Theory in Public-Key Cryptography, PKC 2017, held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, in March 2017. The 34 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 160 submissions. They are organized in topical sections such as Cryptanalysis, Protocols, Encrpytion Schemes, Leakage-Resilient and Non-Malleable Codes, Number Theory and Diffie-Hellman, Encryption with Access Control, Special Signatures, Fully Homomorphic Encryption, Real-World Schemes, Multiparty Computation and Primitives..

Religion

Have You Been to Delphi? | Roger Lipsey

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A fascinating collection of tales and lore from the ancient Oracle at Delphi, this book provides both a collection of good stories and finds spiritual enlightenment weaved throughout these diverse offerings..

Computers

Information and Communications Security | Sihan Qing,Eiji Okamoto,Kwangjo Kim,Dongmei Liu

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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Information and Communications Security, ICISC 2015, held in Beijing, China, in December 2015. The 24 revised full papers and 19 short papers presented were carefully selected from 148 submissions. The papers provide the latest results in research and development in the field of information security and applied cryptology..

Computers

Advances in Machine Learning I | Jacek Koronacki,Zbigniew W. Ras,Slawomir T. Wierzchon

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Professor Richard S. Michalski passed away on September 20, 2007. Once we learned about his untimely death we immediately realized that we would no longer have with us a truly exceptional scholar and researcher who for several decades had been inf- encing the work of numerous scientists all over the world - not only in his area of expertise, notably machine learning, but also in the broadly understood areas of data analysis, data mining, knowledge discovery and many others. In fact, his influence was even much broader due to his creative vision, integrity, scientific excellence and exceptionally wide intellectual horizons which extended to history, political science and arts. Professor Michalski’s death was a particularly deep loss to the whole Polish sci- tific community and the Polish Academy of Sciences in particular. After graduation, he began his research career at the Institute of Automatic Control, Polish Academy of Science in Warsaw. In 1970 he left his native country and hold various prestigious positions at top US universities. His research gained impetus and he soon established himself as a world authority in his areas of interest – notably, he was widely cons- ered a father of machine learning..

Computers

Proceedings of the Future Technologies Conference (FTC) 2018 | Kohei Arai,Rahul Bhatia,Supriya Kapoor

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The book, presenting the proceedings of the 2018 Future Technologies Conference (FTC 2018), is a remarkable collection of chapters covering a wide range of topics, including, but not limited to computing, electronics, artificial intelligence, robotics, security and communications and their real-world applications. The conference attracted a total of 503 submissions from pioneering researchers, scientists, industrial engineers, and students from all over the world. After a double-blind peer review process, 173 submissions (including 6 poster papers) have been selected to be included in these proceedings. FTC 2018 successfully brought together technology geniuses in one venue to not only present breakthrough research in future technologies but to also promote practicality and applications and an intra- and inter-field exchange of ideas. In the future, computing technologies will play a very important role in the convergence of computing, communication, and all other computational sciences and applications. And as a result it will also influence the future of science, engineering, industry, business, law, politics, culture, and medicine. Providing state-of-the-art intelligent methods and techniques for solving real-world problems, as well as a vision of the future research, this book is a valuable resource for all those interested in this area..

Computers

Advances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2001 | Birgit Pfitzmann

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EUROCRYPT 2001, the 20th annual Eurocrypt conference, was sponsored by the IACR, the International Association for Cryptologic Research, see http://www. iacr. org/, this year in cooperation with the Austrian Computer - ciety (OCG). The General Chair, Reinhard Posch, was responsible for local or- nization, and registration was handled by the IACR Secretariat at the University of California, Santa Barbara. In addition to the papers contained in these proceedings, we were pleased that the conference program also included a presentation by the 2001 IACR d- tinguished lecturer, Andrew Odlyzko, on “Economics and Cryptography” and an invited talk by Silvio Micali, “Zero Knowledge Has Come of Age. ” Furthermore, there was the rump session for presentations of recent results and other (p- sibly satirical) topics of interest to the crypto community, which Jean-Jacques Quisquater kindly agreed to run. The Program Committee received 155 submissions and selected 33 papers for presentation; one of them was withdrawn by the authors. The review process was therefore a delicate and challenging task for the committee members, and I wish to thank them for all the e?ort they spent on it. Each committee member was responsible for the review of at least 20 submissions, so each paper was carefully evaluated by at least three reviewers, and submissions with a program committee member as a (co-)author by at least six..

Mathematics

Logical Analysis of Hybrid Systems | André Platzer

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Hybrid systems are models for complex physical systems and have become a widely used concept for understanding their behavior. Many applications are safety-critical, including car, railway, and air traffic control, robotics, physical–chemical process control, and biomedical devices. Hybrid systems analysis studies how we can build computerized controllers for physical systems which are guaranteed to meet their design goals. The author gives a unique, logic-based perspective on hybrid systems analysis. It is the first book that leverages the power of logic for hybrid systems. The author develops a coherent logical approach for systematic hybrid systems analysis, covering its theory, practice, and applications. It is further shown how the developed verification techniques can be used to study air traffic and railway control systems. This book is intended for researchers, postgraduates, and professionals who are interested in hybrid systems analysis, cyberphysical or embedded systems design, logic and theorem proving, or transportation and automation..

Computers

Grammatical Inference: Theoretical Results and Applications | José Sempere,Pedro García

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Annotation This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Colloquium on Grammatical Inference, ICGI 2010, held in Valencia, Spain, in September 2010. The 18 revised full papers and 14 revised short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The topics of the papers presented vary from theoretical results about the learning of different formal language classes (regular, context-free, context-sensitive, etc.) to application papers on bioinformatics, language modelling or software engineering. Furthermore there are two invited papers on the topics grammatical inference and games and molecules, languages, and automata..

Computers

Handbook of Big Data Technologies | Albert Y. Zomaya,Sherif Sakr

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This handbook offers comprehensive coverage of recent advancements in Big Data technologies and related paradigms. Chapters are authored by international leading experts in the field, and have been reviewed and revised for maximum reader value. The volume consists of twenty-five chapters organized into four main parts. Part one covers the fundamental concepts of Big Data technologies including data curation mechanisms, data models, storage models, programming models and programming platforms. It also dives into the details of implementing Big SQL query engines and big stream processing systems. Part Two focuses on the semantic aspects of Big Data management including data integration and exploratory ad hoc analysis in addition to structured querying and pattern matching techniques. Part Three presents a comprehensive overview of large scale graph processing. It covers the most recent research in large scale graph processing platforms, introducing several scalable graph querying and mining mechanisms in domains such as social networks. Part Four details novel applications that have been made possible by the rapid emergence of Big Data technologies such as Internet-of-Things (IOT), Cognitive Computing and SCADA Systems. All parts of the book discuss open research problems, including potential opportunities, that have arisen from the rapid progress of Big Data technologies and the associated increasing requirements of application domains. Designed for researchers, IT professionals and graduate students, this book is a timely contribution to the growing Big Data field. Big Data has been recognized as one of leading emerging technologies that will have a major contribution and impact on the various fields of science and varies aspect of the human society over the coming decades. Therefore, the content in this book will be an essential tool to help readers understand the development and future of the field..

Computers

Advances in Cryptology -- CRYPTO 2012 | Reihaneh Safavi-Naini,Ran Canetti

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 32nd Annual International Cryptology Conference, CRYPTO 2012, held in Santa Barbara, CA, USA, in August 2012. The 48 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 225 submissions. The volume also contains the abstracts of two invited talks. The papers are organized in topical sections on symmetric cryptosystems, secure computation, attribute-based and functional encryption, proofs systems, protocols, hash functions, composable security, privacy, leakage and side-channels, signatures, implementation analysis, black-box separation, cryptanalysis, quantum cryptography, and key encapsulation and one-way functions..

Mathematics

Solving Transcendental Equations | John P. Boyd

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Transcendental equations arise in every branch of science and engineering. While most of these equations are easy to solve, some are not, and that is where this book serves as the mathematical equivalent of a skydiver's reserve parachute--not always needed, but indispensible when it is. The author's goal is to teach the art of finding the root of a single algebraic equation or a pair of such equations..

Computers

Advances in Cryptology - ASIACRYPT 2009 | Mitsuri Matsui

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 15th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, ASIACRYPT 2009, held in Tokyo, Japan, in December 2009. The 41 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 298 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on block ciphers, quantum and post-quantum, hash functions I, encryption schemes, multi party computation, cryptographic protocols, hash funtions II, models and frameworks I, cryptoanalysis: square and quadratic, models and framework II, hash functions III, lattice-based, and side channels..

Technology & Engineering

Learning and Generalisation | Mathukumalli Vidyasagar

Learning and Generalisation Pdf/ePub eBook Learning and Generalisation Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1983 | Ebook Reads: 1983 | File: Learning and Generalisation.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1447137485

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How does a machine learn a new concept on the basis of examples? This second edition takes account of important new developments in the field. It also deals extensively with the theory of learning control systems, now comparably mature to learning of neural networks..

Computers

Computer Security - ESORICS 2008 | Sushil Jajodia

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These proceedings contain the papers selected for presentation at the 13th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security––ESORICS 2008––held October 6–8, 2008 in Torremolinos (Malaga), Spain, and hosted by the University of Malaga, C- puter Science Department. ESORICS has become the European research event in computer security. The symposium started in 1990 and has been organized on alternate years in different European countries. From 2002 it has taken place yearly. It attracts an international audience from both the academic and industrial communities. In response to the call for papers, 168 papers were submitted to the symposium. These papers were evaluated on the basis of their significance, novelty, and technical quality. Each paper was reviewed by at least three members of the Program Comm- tee. The Program Committee meeting was held electronically, holding intensive d- cussion over a period of two weeks. Finally, 37 papers were selected for presentation at the symposium, giving an acceptance rate of 22%..

Medical

Naturalism, interpretation, and mental disorder | Somogy Varga

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In a therapeutic encounter, the dialogue between therapist and client, along with the specific language used by a client to express thoughts, emotions, desires, and beliefs reveals much about their inner state. Yet, too often this vital aspect of the encounter is overlooked when considering and treating mental disorder. This book is unique in integrating a hermeneutical perspective to understanding mental illness - one that places an emphasis on analysing and interpreting the language used within a therapeutic encounter, whilst also considering the context in which it is expressed. Within the book, the reader will how learn such an approach can reveal more about mental illness than some of the more traditional psychiatric methods currently used today. In addition, the book shows us how a hermeneutically informed approach can be valuable for understanding the concept of mental disorder itself, making it valuable for all those within the fields of psychiatry and philosophy of mind. Naturalism, interpretation, and mental disorder' brings fresh thinking to the field of philosophy and psychiatry, and will be of interest to students and scholars in the fields of mental health and philosophy of mind..

Computers

Safe Comp 96 | Erwin Schoitsch

Safe Comp 96 Pdf/ePub eBook Safe Comp 96 Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1041 | Ebook Reads: 1041 | File: Safe Comp 96.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1447109376

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SAFECOMP '96 contains papers presented at the 15th International Conference on Computer Safety, Reliability and Security held in Vienna, Austria, 23-25 October 1996. The conference aimed to provide an opportunity for technical developers and users to discuss and review their experiences, to consider the best technologies currently available, and to identify the skills and technologies required for the future. SAFECOMP '96 focuses on critical computer applications and is intended as a platform for technology transfer between academia, industry and research institutions. SAFECOMP '96 will be of interest to all those in universities, research institutions, industry and business who want to be well-informed about the current international state of the art in computer safety, reliability and security..

Religion

Rabbis, Sorcerers, Kings, and Priests | Jason Sion Mokhtarian

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Rabbis, Sorcerers, Kings, and Priests examines the impact of the Persian Sasanian context on the Babylonian Talmud, perhaps the most important corpus in the Jewish sacred canon. What impact did the Persian Zoroastrian Empire, as both a real historical force and an imaginary interlocutor, have on rabbinic identity and authority as expressed in the Talmud? Drawing from the field of comparative religion, Jason Sion Mokhtarian addresses this question by bringing into mutual fruition Talmudic studies and ancient Iranology, two historically distinct disciplines. Whereas most research on the Talmud assumes that the rabbis were an insular group isolated from the cultural horizon outside their academies, this book contextualizes the rabbis and the Talmud within a broader sociocultural orbit by drawing from a wide range of sources from Sasanian Iran, including Middle Persian Zoroastrian literature, archaeological data such as seals and inscriptions, and the Aramaic magical bowl spells. Mokhtarian also includes a detailed examination of the Talmud’s dozens of texts that portray three Persian "others": the Persians, the Sasanian kings, and the Zoroastrian priests. This book skillfully engages and demonstrates the rich penetration of Persian imperial society and culture on the Jews of late antique Iran..