Social Science

Demography and National Security | Myron Weiner,Sharon Stanton Russell

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Political scientists, demographers, legal scholars, and historians have come together in this volume, under the direction of the late Myron Weiner, one of the leading scholars in this field, to address three of the major sets of questions in the field of political demography: How changes in demographic variables - population size, growth, distribution, and composition - influence threats (real or perceived) to a country's political stability and security; how governments respond to demographic trends; and how governments attempt to change demographic variables in order to enhance national security..

History

The Future Faces of War: Population and National Security | Jennifer Dabbs Sciubba

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This comprehensive and clear volume reveals the numerous ways demographic trends such as age structure, composition, and migration influence national security. • A short glossary pointing out definitions of commonly used demographic terms • An index to direct readers to particular trends or implications, such as youth bulge or civil conflict.

Political Science

Israeli National Security | Charles D. Freilich

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National security has been at the forefront of the Israeli experience for seven decades, with threats ranging from terrorism, to vast rocket and missile arsenals, and even existential nuclear dangers. Yet, despite its overwhelming preoccupation with foreign and defense affairs, Israel does not have a formal national security strategy. In Israeli National Security, Chuck Freilich presents an authoritative analysis of the military, diplomatic, demographic, and societal challenges Israel faces today, to propose a comprehensive and long-term Israeli national security strategy. The heart of the new strategy places greater emphasis on restraint, defense, and diplomacy as means of addressing the challenges Israel faces, along with the military capacity to deter and, if necessary, defeat Israel's adversaries, while also maintaining the resolve of its society. By bringing Israel's most critical debates about the Palestinians, demography, Iran, Hezbollah, Hamas, US relations and nuclear strategy into sharp focus, the strategy Freilich proposes addresses the primary challenges Israel must address in order to chart its national course. The most comprehensive study of Israel's national security to date, this book presents the first public proposal for a comprehensive Israeli national security strategy and prescribes an actionable course forward..

Social Science

Global Demographic Change and Its Implications for Military Power | Martin C. Libicki,Howard J. Shatz,Julie E. Taylor

Global Demographic Change and Its Implications for Military Power Pdf/ePub eBook Global Demographic Change and Its Implications for Military Power Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 395 | Ebook Reads: 395 | File: Global Demographic Change and Its Implications for Military Power.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0833052454

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Global Demographic Change and Its Implications for Military Power - Martin C. Libicki,Howard J. Shatz,Julie E. Taylor Preview:

What is the impact of demographics on the prospective production of military power and the causes of war? This monograph analyzes this issue by projecting working-age populations through 2050; assessing the influence of demographics on manpower, national income and expenditures, and human capital; and examining how changes in these factors may affect the ability of states to carry out military missions..

Social Science

Cities Transformed | National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Panel on Urban Population Dynamics

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Cities Transformed - National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Panel on Urban Population Dynamics Preview:

Virtually all of the growth in the world’s population for the foreseeable future will take place in the cities and towns of the developing world. Over the next twenty years, most developing countries will for the first time become more urban than rural. The benefits from urbanization cannot be overlooked, but the speed and sheer scale of this transformation present many challenges. A new cast of policy makers is emerging to take up the many responsibilities of urban governanceâ€"as many national governments decentralize and devolve their functions, programs in poverty, health, education, and public services are increasingly being deposited in the hands of untested municipal and regional governments. Demographers have been surprisingly slow to devote attention to the implications of the urban transformation. Drawing from a wide variety of data sources, many of them previously inaccessible, Cities Transformed explores the implications of various urban contexts for marriage, fertility, health, schooling, and children’s lives. It should be of interest to all involved in city-level research, policy, planning, and investment decisions..

Social Science

A Research Agenda for Political Demography | Sciubba, Jennifer D.

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Exploring how demographic dynamism continues to shape the character of societies, this forward-looking Research Agenda offers insights into how the human population has undergone fundamental demographic shifts, and the impact these have had on how we organize ourselves politically, the design of our economic systems, and even our societal relationships..

Social Science

World Population and Human Capital in the Twenty-First Century | Wolfgang Lutz,William P. Butz,Samir KC

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This book addresses systematically and quantitatively the role of educational attainment in global population trends and models. Six background chapters summarize past trends in fertility, mortality, migration, and education; examine relevant theories and identify key determining factors; and set the assumptions that are subsequently translated into alternative scenario projections to 2100. These assumptions derive from a global survey of hundreds of experts and five expert meetings on as many continents. Another chapter details their translation into multi-dimensional projections by age, sex, and level of education. The book's final chapters analyse the results, emphasizing alternative trends in human capital, new ways of studying ageing and the quantification of alternative population, and education pathways in the context of global sustainable development. An appendix and associated web link present detailed results for all countries. The book shows that adding education to age and sex substantially alters the way we see the future..

Medical

Communities in Action | National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States

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Communities in Action - National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States Preview:

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome..

Social Science

Aging in Sub-Saharan Africa | National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Panel on Policy Research and Data Needs to Meet the Challenge of Aging in Africa

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Aging in Sub-Saharan Africa - National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Panel on Policy Research and Data Needs to Meet the Challenge of Aging in Africa Preview:

In sub-Saharan Africa, older people make up a relatively small fraction of the total population and are supported primarily by family and other kinship networks. They have traditionally been viewed as repositories of information and wisdom, and are critical pillars of the community but as the HIV/AIDS pandemic destroys family systems, the elderly increasingly have to deal with the loss of their own support while absorbing the additional responsibilities of caring for their orphaned grandchildren. Aging in Sub-Saharan Africa explores ways to promote U.S. research interests and to augment the sub-Saharan governments' capacity to address the many challenges posed by population aging. Five major themes are explored in the book such as the need for a basic definition of "older person," the need for national governments to invest more in basic research and the coordination of data collection across countries, and the need for improved dialogue between local researchers and policy makers. This book makes three major recommendations: 1) the development of a research agenda 2) enhancing research opportunity and implementation and 3) the translation of research findings..

Business & Economics

Aging, Economic Growth, and Old-age Security in Asia | Donghyun Park,Sang-Hyop Lee,Andrew Mason

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Aging, Economic Growth, and Old-age Security in Asia - Donghyun Park,Sang-Hyop Lee,Andrew Mason Preview:

Population aging is perhaps the single biggest economic and social obstacle confronting AsiaÕs future. The region-wide demographic transition towards an older population is fundamentally reshaping the demographic landscape, and is giving rise to two key socio-economic challenges. This timely book provides an in-depth analysis of these challenges and presents concrete policy options for tackling them. First, the expert contributors argue, Asia must find ways to sustain rapid economic growth in the face of less favorable demographics, which implies slower growth of the workforce. Second, they contend, Asia must find ways to deliver affordable, adequate and sustainable old-age economic security for its growing elderly population. Underpinned by rigorous analysis, a wide range of concrete policy options for sustaining economic growth while delivering economic security for the elderly are then presented. These include Asia-wide policy options Ð relevant to the entire region Ð such as building up strong national pension systems, whilst other policy options are more relevant to sub-groups of countries. This stimulating and informative book will be of great interest to academics, students and researchers with an interest in Asian studies, economics generally, and more specifically, public sector economics..

Political Science

The World in Canada | David Bercuson

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In response to these questions, contributors trace changes in Canada's demographic make-up, explore the relationship between domestic politics and Canadian foreign policy across the fields of diplomacy, development, defense and security, and immigration, and determine the extent to which Quebec's sensibilities to international issues differ from those of the rest of the country. The World in Canada argues that, under certain conditions, the motivation to pursue certain policy choices arises as much from domestic considerations as from the international conditions associated with them..

Social Science

Future Directions for the Demography of Aging | National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population

Future Directions for the Demography of Aging Pdf/ePub eBook Future Directions for the Demography of Aging Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 493 | Ebook Reads: 493 | File: Future Directions for the Demography of Aging.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0309474132

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Future Directions for the Demography of Aging - National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population Preview:

Almost 25 years have passed since the Demography of Aging (1994) was published by the National Research Council. Future Directions for the Demography of Aging is, in many ways, the successor to that original volume. The Division of Behavioral and Social Research at the National Institute on Aging (NIA) asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to produce an authoritative guide to new directions in demography of aging. The papers published in this report were originally presented and discussed at a public workshop held in Washington, D.C., August 17-18, 2017. The workshop discussion made evident that major new advances had been made in the last two decades, but also that new trends and research directions have emerged that call for innovative conceptual, design, and measurement approaches. The report reviews these recent trends and also discusses future directions for research on a range of topics that are central to current research in the demography of aging. Looking back over the past two decades of demography of aging research shows remarkable advances in our understanding of the health and well-being of the older population. Equally exciting is that this report sets the stage for the next two decades of innovative researchâ€"a period of rapid growth in the older American population..

Social Science

Changing Numbers, Changing Needs | Committee on Population,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

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Changing Numbers, Changing Needs - Committee on Population,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council Preview:

The reported population of American Indians and Alaska Natives has grown rapidly over the past 20 years. These changes raise questions for the Indian Health Service and other agencies responsible for serving the American Indian population. How big is the population? What are its health care and insurance needs? This volume presents an up-to-date summary of what is known about the demography of American Indian and Alaska Native population--their age and geographic distributions, household structure, employment, and disability and disease patterns. This information is critical for health care planners who must determine the eligible population for Indian health services and the costs of providing them. The volume will also be of interest to researchers and policymakers concerned about the future characteristics and needs of the American Indian population..

Social Science

Population Aging and the Generational Economy | Ronald Demos Lee,Andrew Mason

Population Aging and the Generational Economy Pdf/ePub eBook Population Aging and the Generational Economy Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 397 | Ebook Reads: 397 | File: Population Aging and the Generational Economy.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0857930583

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Population Aging and the Generational Economy - Ronald Demos Lee,Andrew Mason Preview:

'While there already exists a crowded body of publications addressing the effect of an aging population on the economy, this monograph is most outstanding in presenting a global, in-depth analysis of the implications thereby generated for 23 developed and developing countries. . . Scholars, researchers, and practitioners everywhere will benefit immensely from this comprehensive work.' – H.I. Liebling, Choice 'Ron Lee and Andrew Mason's Population Aging and the Generational Economy is a demographic and economic tour-de-force. Their collaborative, intercontinental. . . study of aging, consumption, labor supply, saving, and private and public transfers is the place to go to understand global aging and its myriad and significant economic challenges and opportunities.' – Laurence Kotlikoff, Boston University, US 'The culmination of. . . work by Lee, Mason, and their collaborators from around the world to extend Samuelson's framework to accommodate realistic demography, empirical measurement of age-specific earnings, consumption, tax payments, and benefit receipts, the studies. . . demonstrate the power of this integrated economic-demographic framework to advance our understanding of critical public policy challenges faced by countries at different stages of demographic transition and population aging.' – Robert Willis, University of Michigan, US 'Lee and Mason have done scholars and practitioners a magnificent service by undertaking this comprehensive, compelling, and supremely innovative examination of the economic consequences of changes in population age structure. The book is a bona fide crystal ball. It will be a MUST READ for the next decade!' – David Bloom, Harvard School of Public Health, US 'Population Aging and the Generational Economy provides an encompassing account of what we know about population aging and the impact that this process will have on our economies. It does not confine itself to the advanced industrial countries, where aging has already been largely studied, but adopts a truly global perspective. I am sure it will become a key reference for researchers, students and those involved in policy-making in areas that are affected by population aging.' – Giuliano Bonoli, Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration (IDHEAP), Switzerland Over coming decades, changes in population age structure will have profound implications for the macroeconomy, influencing economic growth, generational equity, human capital, saving and investment, and the sustainability of public and private transfer systems. How the future unfolds will depend on key actors in the generational economy: governments, families, financial institutions, and others. This path-breaking book provides a comprehensive analysis of the macroeconomic effects of changes in population age structure across the globe. The result of a substantial seven-year research project involving over 50 economists and demographers from Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, and the United States, the book draws on a new and comprehensive conceptual framework – National Transfer Accounts – to quantify the economic lifecycle and economic flows across generations. It presents comprehensive estimates of both public and private economic flows between generations, and emphasizes the global nature of changes in population age structure that are affecting rich and poor countries alike. This unique and informative book will prove an invaluable reference tool for a wide-ranging audience encompassing students, researchers, and academics in fields such as demography, aging, public finance, economic development, macroeconomics, gerontology, and national income accounting; for policy-makers and advisers focusing on areas of the public sector such as education, health, pensions, other social security programs, tax policy, and public debt; and for policy analysts at international agencies such as the World Bank, the IMF, and the UN..

Social Science

World Population Policies | John F. May

World Population Policies Pdf/ePub eBook World Population Policies Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1627 | Ebook Reads: 1627 | File: World Population Policies.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 9400728379

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This book examines the history behind the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of population policies in the more developed, the less developed, and the least developed countries from 1950 until today, as well as their future prospects. It links population policies with the theories of the demographic, epidemiological, and migratory transitions. It begins by summarizing the demographic situation around the world, with an emphasis on population policies and their underlying theories. Then, it reviews the early efforts to reduce mortality and fertility in the developing countries. This is followed by a description of the internationalization of the debate on population issues and the transformation of these programs into more formal population policies, particularly in the developing countries. The book reviews also the situation of the developed countries and their specific challenges – sub-replacement fertility, population aging, and immigration – and examines the effectiveness of population policies. It also explores the way forward and future prospects for population policies over the next decades. The book provides numerous concrete examples from all over the world, and show how population policies are actually implemented and what have been their successes as well as their constraints. Above all, the book highlights the importance of understanding underlying demographic trends when assessing the development prospects of any country. The book is recommended for not only demographers, social scientists, and policymakers but also economists and political scientists who are interested in social and demographic change around the world. Demography students and researchers who are interested in applying knowledge on population trends and prospects in designing and evaluating public policies will find this an invaluable reference work..

Political Science

Demographic Change in Germany | Ingrid Hamm,Helmut Seitz,Martin Werding

Demographic Change in Germany Pdf/ePub eBook Demographic Change in Germany Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1336 | Ebook Reads: 1336 | File: Demographic Change in Germany.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 354068137X

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Demographic Change in Germany - Ingrid Hamm,Helmut Seitz,Martin Werding Preview:

This book provides an up-to-date summary of the consequences of demographic aging for labor markets, financial markets, economic growth, social security schemes and public finances in Germany, essentially reflecting the present state of knowledge in any of these areas. All contributions are written by leading experts in their fields and are based on results that emerge at the forefront of current research..

Social Science

The State and the Grassroots | Alejandro Portes,Patricia Fernández-Kelly

The State and the Grassroots Pdf/ePub eBook The State and the Grassroots Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 975 | Ebook Reads: 975 | File: The State and the Grassroots.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1782387358

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The State and the Grassroots - Alejandro Portes,Patricia Fernández-Kelly Preview:

Whereas most of the literature on migration focuses on individuals and their families, this book studies the organizations created by immigrants to protect themselves in their receiving states. Comparing eighteen of these grassroots organizations formed across the world, from India to Colombia to Vietnam to the Congo, researchers from the United States, Belgium, France, the Netherlands, and Spain focus their studies on the internal structure and activities of these organizations as they relate to developmental initiatives. The book outlines the principal positions in the migration and development debate and discusses the concept of transnationalism as a means of resolving these controversies..

Medical

Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes | Committee on the Adequacy of Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes,Institute of Medicine

Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes Pdf/ePub eBook Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1645 | Ebook Reads: 1645 | File: Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0309556651

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Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes - Committee on the Adequacy of Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes,Institute of Medicine Preview:

Hospitals and nursing homes are responding to changes in the health care system by modifying staffing levels and the mix of nursing personnel. But do these changes endanger the quality of patient care? Do nursing staff suffer increased rates of injury, illness, or stress because of changing workplace demands? These questions are addressed in Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes, a thorough and authoritative look at today's health care system that also takes a long-term view of staffing needs for nursing as the nation moves into the next century. The committee draws fundamental conclusions about the evolving role of nurses in hospitals and nursing homes and presents recommendations about staffing decisions, nursing training, measurement of quality, reimbursement, and other areas. The volume also discusses work-related injuries, violence toward and abuse of nursing staffs, and stress among nursing personnel--and examines whether these problems are related to staffing levels. Included is a readable overview of the underlying trends in health care that have given rise to urgent questions about nurse staffing: population changes, budget pressures, and the introduction of new technologies. Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes provides a straightforward examination of complex and sensitive issues surround the role and value of nursing on our health care system..

Social Science

The Demographic Dividend | David Bloom,David Canning,Jaypee Sevilla

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There is long-standing debate on how population growth affects national economies. A new report from Population Matters examines the history of this debate and synthesizes current research on the topic. The authors, led by Harvard economist David Bloom, conclude that population age structure, more than size or growth per se, affects economic development, and that reducing high fertility can create opportunities for economic growth if the right kinds of educational, health, and labor-market policies are in place. The report also examines specific regions of the world and how their differing policy environments have affected the relationship between population change and economic development..

Social Science

Routledge Handbook of Asian Demography | Zhongwei Zhao,Adrian C. Hayes

Routledge Handbook of Asian Demography Pdf/ePub eBook Routledge Handbook of Asian Demography Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 683 | Ebook Reads: 683 | File: Routledge Handbook of Asian Demography.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1351373455

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Routledge Handbook of Asian Demography - Zhongwei Zhao,Adrian C. Hayes Preview:

Home to close to 60 per cent of the world’s population, Asia is the largest and by far the most populous continent. It is also extremely diverse, physically and culturally. Asian countries and regions have their own distinctive histories, cultural traditions, religious beliefs and political systems, and they have often pursued different routes to development. Asian populations also present a striking array of demographic characteristics and stages of demographic transition. This handbook is the first to provide a comprehensive study of population change across the whole of Asia. Comprising 28 chapters by more than 40 international experts this handbook examines demographic transitions on the continent, their considerable variations, their causes and consequences, and their relationships with a wide range of social, economic, political and cultural processes. Major topics covered include: population studies and sources of demographic data; historical demography; family planning and fertility decline; sex preferences; mortality changes; causes of death; HIV/AIDS; population distribution and migration; urbanization; marriage and family; human capital and labour force; population ageing; demographic dividends; political demography; population and environment; and Asia’s demographic future. This handbook provides an authoritative and comprehensive reference for researchers, policymakers, academics, students and anyone who is interested in population change in Asia and the world..

Business & Economics

The Great Demographic Reversal | Charles Goodhart,Manoj Pradhan

The Great Demographic Reversal Pdf/ePub eBook The Great Demographic Reversal Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 728 | Ebook Reads: 728 | File: The Great Demographic Reversal.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 3030426572

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This original and panoramic book proposes that the underlying forces of demography and globalisation will shortly reverse three multi-decade global trends – it will raise inflation and interest rates, but lead to a pullback in inequality. “Whatever the future holds”, the authors argue, “it will be nothing like the past”. Deflationary headwinds over the last three decades have been primarily due to an enormous surge in the world’s available labour supply, owing to very favourable demographic trends and the entry of China and Eastern Europe into the world’s trading system. This book demonstrates how these demographic trends are on the point of reversing sharply, coinciding with a retreat from globalisation. The result? Ageing can be expected to raise inflation and interest rates, bringing a slew of problems for an over-indebted world economy, but is also anticipated to increase the share of labour, so that inequality falls. Covering many social and political factors, as well as those that are more purely macroeconomic, the authors address topics including ageing, dementia, inequality, populism, retirement and debt finance, among others. This book will be of interest and understandable to anyone with an interest on where the world’s economy may be going..

Social Science

Places of Pain | Hariz Halilovich

Places of Pain Pdf/ePub eBook Places of Pain Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1281 | Ebook Reads: 1281 | File: Places of Pain.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0857457772

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For displaced persons, memory and identity is performed, (re)constructed and (re)negotiated daily. Forced displacement radically reshapes identity, with results ranging from successful hybridization to feelings of permanent misplacement. This compelling and intimate description of places of pain and (be)longing that were lost during the 1992–95 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as of survivors' places of resettlement in Australia, Europe and North America, serves as a powerful illustration of the complex interplay between place, memory and identity. It is even more the case when those places have been vandalized, divided up, brutalized and scarred. However, as the author shows, these places of humiliation and suffering are also places of desire, with displaced survivors emulating their former homes in the far corners of the globe where they have resettled..

Political Science

Political Demography, Demographic Engineering | Myron Weiner,Michael S. Teitelbaum

Political Demography, Demographic Engineering Pdf/ePub eBook Political Demography, Demographic Engineering Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1452 | Ebook Reads: 1452 | File: Political Demography, Demographic Engineering.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1800734107

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Political Demography, Demographic Engineering - Myron Weiner,Michael S. Teitelbaum Preview:

"Over the past decade, the impacts of demographic trends on international security and on peaceful relations between and within states have come to the fore in ways not seen since the aftermath of World War II. An evolving and more complex set of changes in the size, distribution, and composition of populations has become the basis for a new look at the security effects of changes in the size, distribution, and composition of populations. This book is an attempt to lay out the new look, to take issue with some of the prevailing views on the political consequences of population change and to suggest where the concerns are realistic and where they are not." (From the Preface) This book not only offers a magisterial analysis of the political effects of the dramatic population changes that are taking place in countries all around the world, it also represents the testimony of one of the most distinguished scholars in the field of migration and population studies..

Social Science

Global Demographic Change and Its Implications for Military Power | Martin C. Libicki,Howard J. Shatz,Julie E. Taylor

Global Demographic Change and Its Implications for Military Power Pdf/ePub eBook Global Demographic Change and Its Implications for Military Power Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 726 | Ebook Reads: 726 | File: Global Demographic Change and Its Implications for Military Power.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0833052454

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Global Demographic Change and Its Implications for Military Power - Martin C. Libicki,Howard J. Shatz,Julie E. Taylor Preview:

What is the impact of demographics on the prospective production of military power and the causes of war? This monograph analyzes this issue by projecting working-age populations through 2050; assessing the influence of demographics on manpower, national income and expenditures, and human capital; and examining how changes in these factors may affect the ability of states to carry out military missions..

Medical

The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century | Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Committee on Assuring the Health of the Public in the 21st Century

The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century Pdf/ePub eBook The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1949 | Ebook Reads: 1949 | File: The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 9780309133180

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The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century - Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Committee on Assuring the Health of the Public in the 21st Century Preview:

The anthrax incidents following the 9/11 terrorist attacks put the spotlight on the nation’s public health agencies, placing it under an unprecedented scrutiny that added new dimensions to the complex issues considered in this report. The Future of the Public’s Health in the 21st Century reaffirms the vision of Healthy People 2010, and outlines a systems approach to assuring the nation’s health in practice, research, and policy. This approach focuses on joining the unique resources and perspectives of diverse sectors and entities and challenges these groups to work in a concerted, strategic way to promote and protect the public’s health. Focusing on diverse partnerships as the framework for public health, the book discusses: The need for a shift from an individual to a population-based approach in practice, research, policy, and community engagement. The status of the governmental public health infrastructure and what needs to be improved, including its interface with the health care delivery system. The roles nongovernment actors, such as academia, business, local communities and the media can play in creating a healthy nation. Providing an accessible analysis, this book will be important to public health policy-makers and practitioners, business and community leaders, health advocates, educators and journalists..

Medical

Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health | Roger Detels,Martin Gulliford,Quarraisha Abdool Karim,Chorh Chuan Tan

Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health Pdf/ePub eBook Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 831 | Ebook Reads: 831 | File: Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0192534343

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The Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health is the ultimate resource on the subject of public health and epidemiology. The sixth edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, offering a global and comprehensive perspective on wide ranging public health needs and priorities in modern health care. The sixth edition retains its approach of dividing the complex, dynamic subject of public health into three topics. 'The Scope of Public Health' discusses the development of the discipline, determinants of health and disease, public health policies, and law and ethics. Next, the textbook focuses on 'The Methods of Public Health', including the main science behind the discipline - epidemiology. Finally, 'The Practice of Public Health', examines specific public health problems and the options for prevention and control. As well as identifying these issues by system or disease, there is also an awareness of the unique needs of particular population groups. New topics in this edition include: Climate change, genetic testing and epidemiology; new methods for measuring the burden of disease; life course approaches to epidemiology, behavioural economics; and physical activity, health and wellbeing. Two new editors, Quarraisha Abdool Karim (South Africa) and Chorh Chuan Tan (Singapore), join the established editor team of Roger Detels (USA), and Martin Gulliford (UK), representing a truly global outlook. The contributors are experts who have been drawn from around the world, offering perspectives from vastly different health systems with ranging public health needs and priorities. The Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health remains the most comprehensive, accessible text in the field, and is an essential reference for students and practitioners in public health and epidemiology..

Social Science

The International Handbook of the Demography of Race and Ethnicity | Rogelio Sáenz,David G. Embrick,Néstor P. Rodríguez

The International Handbook of the Demography of Race and Ethnicity Pdf/ePub eBook The International Handbook of the Demography of Race and Ethnicity Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1170 | Ebook Reads: 1170 | File: The International Handbook of the Demography of Race and Ethnicity.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 9048188911

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The International Handbook of the Demography of Race and Ethnicity - Rogelio Sáenz,David G. Embrick,Néstor P. Rodríguez Preview:

Examining key countries in every region of world, this handbook presents population profiles and analyses concerning racial/ethnic disparities and changing intergroup relations. Inside, prominent scholars from various parts of the world and disciplines address the links between stratification, demography, and conflict across the globe. Organized by region/continent, coverage for each profiled country includes demographic information; a historical overview that addresses past racial/ethnic conflict; identification of the most salient demographic trends and issues that the country faces; theoretical issues related to the linkages between stratification, demography, and conflict; methodological issues including quality of data and cutting-edge methods to better understand the issue at hand; and details on the possible future of the existing trends and issues with particular emphasis on public policy and human rights. This handbook will help readers to better understand the commonalities and differences that exist globally in the interplay between stratification, demography, and conflict. In addition, it also provides an excellent inventory of theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches that are needed to better comprehend this issue. This handbook will appeal to students, researchers, and policy analysts in the areas of race and ethnic relations, demography, inequality, international sociology, international relations, foreign studies, social geography, and social development..

Social Science

Crossing Borders in Gender and Culture | Konrad Gunesch,Olena Lytovka,Aleksandra Tryniecka

Crossing Borders in Gender and Culture Pdf/ePub eBook Crossing Borders in Gender and Culture Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 878 | Ebook Reads: 878 | File: Crossing Borders in Gender and Culture.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1527516830

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While gender issues are almost always multidimensional and complex, this book discusses them from a cultural angle and with a focus on crossing borders, to represent their concepts meaningfully and to illuminate their realities as sharply as possible. Its five parts detail specific aspects and issues within that focus, namely communication, literary representation, equality and violence, work and politics, and cross-cultural connections. This combination of a wide topical range with specific discussions of gender issues makes the volume’s insights worthwhile for a wide range of readers, from individuals and groups engaging with current gender challenges, to institutional and political decision-makers entrusted with improving gender relations on national or international levels, up to social, economic or educational institutions empowered to implement such solutions in everyday reality. Its “unity in diversity” contributes to gender and cultural studies by offering considerations and conclusions that are specific and generalizable, theoretically robust and empirically tested, professionally rational and poetically ravishing..

Social Science

Germany's New Security Demographics | Wenke Apt

Germany's New Security Demographics Pdf/ePub eBook Germany's New Security Demographics Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 766 | Ebook Reads: 766 | File: Germany's New Security Demographics.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 9400769644

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Military recruitment will become more difficult in times of demographic aging. The question arises whether demographic change will constrain the capacity of aging states like Germany to conduct foreign policy and pursue their national security interests. Since contemporary military operations still display a strong human element, particular scrutiny is given to the empirical analysis of the determinants of military propensity and military service among youth. An additional human capital projection until 2030 illustrates how the decline in the youth population will interact with trends in educational attainment and adolescent health to further complicate military recruitment in the future. A concluding review of recruiting practices in other NATO countries provides insight in best-practice policy options to reduce the military’s sensitivity to demographic change. Following this approach, the book gives prominence to a topic that has thus far been under-represented in the greater discussion of demographic change today, namely the demographic impact on international affairs and strategic calculations..

Social Science

The Methods and Materials of Demography | Henry S. Shryock

The Methods and Materials of Demography Pdf/ePub eBook The Methods and Materials of Demography Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 666 | Ebook Reads: 666 | File: The Methods and Materials of Demography.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1483289109

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Like the original two-volume work, this work attempts to present a systematic and comprehensive exposition, with illustrations, of the methods used by technicians and research workers in dealing with demographic data. The book is concerned with how data on population are gathered, classified, and treated to produce tabulations and various summarizing measures that reveal the significant aspects of the composition and dynamics of populations. It sets forth the sources, limitations, underlying definitions, and bases of classification, as well as the techniques and methods that have been developed for summarizing and analyzing the data..

Technology & Engineering

Exploring the Security Landscape: Non-Traditional Security Challenges | Anthony J. Masys

Exploring the Security Landscape: Non-Traditional Security Challenges Pdf/ePub eBook Exploring the Security Landscape: Non-Traditional Security Challenges Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 412 | Ebook Reads: 412 | File: Exploring the Security Landscape: Non-Traditional Security Challenges.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 3319279149

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This book provides international perspective for those studying or working in the security domain, from enforcement to policy. It focuses on non-traditional threats in a landscape that has been described as transnational in nature and incorporates natural disasters, gang violence, extremism and terrorism, amongst other issues. Chapters provide innovative thinking on themes including cyber security, maritime security, transnational crime, human security, globalization and economic security. Relevant theoretical frameworks are presented and readers are expertly guided through complex threats, from matters pertaining to health security which pose threats not only to humans but also have significant national security implications, to issues regarding critical infrastructure vulnerability and the complexity of understanding terrorist operations. Authors reveal how emerging uncertainties regarding global critical infrastructure and supply chain security, food security, and health security are linked to the notion of human security. Security professionals, policy makers and academics will all gain from the insights, strategies and perspectives in this book. It builds understanding of the deepening and broadening domain of security studies and provides a valuable reference text for courses on security studies and international relations..

Social Science

Handbook of Population | Dudley L. Poston,Michael Micklin

Handbook of Population Pdf/ePub eBook Handbook of Population Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 407 | Ebook Reads: 407 | File: Handbook of Population.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0387231064

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This comprehensive handbook provides an overview and update of the issues, theories, processes, and applications of the social science of population studies. The volume's 30 chapters cover the full range of conceptual, empirical, disciplinary, and applied approaches to the study of demographic phenomena. This book is the first effort to assess the entire field since Hauser and Duncan's 1959 classic, The Study of Population. The chapter authors are among the leading contributors to demographic scholarship over the past four decades. They represent a variety of disciplines and theoretical perspectives as well as interests in both basic and applied research..

Social Science

Migration Control in the North-atlantic World | Andreas Fahrmeir,Olivier Faron,Patrick Weil

Migration Control in the North-atlantic World Pdf/ePub eBook Migration Control in the North-atlantic World Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 517 | Ebook Reads: 517 | File: Migration Control in the North-atlantic World.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1789203988

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The migration movements of the 20th century have led to an increased interest in similarly dramatic population changes in the preceding century. The contributors to this volume - legal scholars, sociologists, political scientist and historians - focus on migration control in the 19th century, concentrating on three areas in particular: the impact of the French Revolution on the development of modern citizenship laws and on the development of new forms of migration control in France and elsewhere; the theory and practice of migration control in various European states is examined, focusing on the control of paupers, emigrants and "ordinary" travelers as well as on the interrelationship between the different administrative levels - local, regional and national - at which migration control was exercised. Finally, on the development of migration control in two countries of immigration: the United States and France. Taken altogether, these essays demonstrate conclusively that the image of the 19th century as a liberal era during which migration was unaffected by state intervention is untenable and in serious need of revision..

Social Science

Gender Panic, Gender Policy | Vasilikie Demos,Marcia Texler Segal

Gender Panic, Gender Policy Pdf/ePub eBook Gender Panic, Gender Policy Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1782 | Ebook Reads: 1782 | File: Gender Panic, Gender Policy.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1787432602

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Using diverse theories and methods including analysis of on-line data, feminist critical discourse, fieldwork, grounded theory, and queer theory, this volume explores gender panic and policy in the United States and beyond..

Social Science

Demographic Engineering: Population Strategies in Ethnic Conflict | Paul Morland

Demographic Engineering: Population Strategies in Ethnic Conflict Pdf/ePub eBook Demographic Engineering: Population Strategies in Ethnic Conflict Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 789 | Ebook Reads: 789 | File: Demographic Engineering: Population Strategies in Ethnic Conflict.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1317152913

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Demography has always mattered in conflict, but with conflict increasingly of an inter-ethnic nature, with sharper demographic differences between ethnic groups and with the spread of democracy, numbers count in conflict now more than ever. This book argues for and develops a framework for demographic engineering which provides a fresh perspective for looking at political events in countries where ethnicity matters. It asks how policies have been framed and implemented to change the demography of ethnic groups on the ground in their own interests. It also examines how successful these policies have been, focusing on the cases of Sri Lanka, Israel/Palestine, Northern Ireland and the USA. Often these policies are hidden but author Paul Morland teases them out with skill both from the statistics and documentary records and through conversations with participants. Offering a new way of thinking about demographic engineering (’hard demography’ versus ’soft demography’) and how ethnic groups in conflict deploy demographic strategies, this book will have a broad appeal to demographers, geographers and political scientists..

Social Science

Handbook of Population | Dudley L. Poston Jr.

Handbook of Population Pdf/ePub eBook Handbook of Population Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 400 | Ebook Reads: 400 | File: Handbook of Population.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 3030109100

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Handbook of Population - Dudley L. Poston Jr. Preview:

This comprehensive handbook provides an overview and update of the issues, theories, processes, and applications of the social science of population studies. The volume's 30 chapters cover the full range of conceptual, empirical, disciplinary, and applied approaches to the study of demographic phenomena. This book is the first effort to assess the entire field since Hauser and Duncan's 1959 classic, The Study of Population. The chapter authors are among the leading contributors to demographic scholarship over the past four decades. They represent a variety of disciplines and theoretical perspectives as well as interests in both basic and applied research..

Political Science

Grave New World | Michael E. Brown

Grave New World Pdf/ePub eBook Grave New World Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1736 | Ebook Reads: 1736 | File: Grave New World.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 9781589013353

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The optimism that arrived at the end of the cold war and marked the turn of the Millennium was shattered by September 11. In the aftermath of that event it is not unwarranted pessimism that lines the pages of Grave New World, it is unavoidable reality. Terrorism is but one aspect of many other wider concerns for national and international security, and the contributors to this volume not only warn us, but reward us as well with the clarity of their views into—and possible solutions for—a difficult, complicated future. They speak convincingly of the numerous military and non-military challenges that create security problems—whether those are interstate, intrastate, or transnational—many of which are being dangerously overlooked in public policy debates. The challenges and complexities might seem insurmountable but the first step in solving problems is recognizing that they exist. Grave New World provides an eye-opening assessment of the prospects for peace and security in the 21st century. Michael E. Brown frames these issues in his Introduction, "Security Challenges in the 21st Century;" and in his summation, "Security Problems and Security Policy in a Grave New World.".

Political Science

People Changing Places | Isabelle Côté,Matthew I. Mitchell,Monica Duffy Toft

People Changing Places Pdf/ePub eBook People Changing Places Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1665 | Ebook Reads: 1665 | File: People Changing Places.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1351117602

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While migration and population settlement have always been an important feature of political life throughout the world, the dramatic changes in the pace, direction, and complexity of contemporary migration flows are undoubtedly unique. Despite the economic benefits often associated with global, regional, and internal migration, the arrival of large numbers of migrants can exacerbate tensions and give rise to violent clashes between local populations and recent arrivals. This volume takes stock of these trends by canvassing the globe to generate new conceptual, empirical, and theoretical contributions. The analyses ultimately reveal the critical role of the state as both an actor and arena in the migration-conflict nexus..

Political Science

Islam and the Securitisation of Population Policies | Katrina Riddell

Islam and the Securitisation of Population Policies Pdf/ePub eBook Islam and the Securitisation of Population Policies Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 839 | Ebook Reads: 839 | File: Islam and the Securitisation of Population Policies.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1317112474

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There has been much scholarly debate on the politically disruptive capabilities of Islam and the threats to global security posed by or to Muslim states and societies, but within this dialogue there has been little recognition of the role of population policies in security issues. Katrina Riddell's study focuses specifically on Islam and the securitization of population policies and sustainability. Opening with a discussion of contemporary population discourses and their historical foundations, the book examines how population growth has become an international security issue. The author takes the examples of Pakistan and Iran to provide a nuanced understanding of Muslim states' interaction with global debates on sustainability. She also explores how Muslim and non-Muslim states, societies and agents perceive issues of population growth and control. Providing an innovative approach to the pursuit of global sustainability and security, this book presents useful material to scholars whose research focuses on Islam and the future..

Political Science

Human Security and Migration in Europe's Southern Borders | Susana Ferreira

Human Security and Migration in Europe's Southern Borders Pdf/ePub eBook Human Security and Migration in Europe's Southern Borders Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1921 | Ebook Reads: 1921 | File: Human Security and Migration in Europe's Southern Borders.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 3319779478

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This book examines the management of migratory flows in the Mediterranean within an international security perspective. The intense migratory flows registered during the year 2015 and the tragedies in the Mediterranean Sea have tested the mechanisms of the Union’s immigration and asylum policies and its ability to respond to humanitarian crises. Moreover, these flows of varying intensities and geographies represent a threat to the internal security of the EU and its member states. By using Spain and Italy as case studies, the author theorizes that the EU, given its inability to adopt and implement a common policy to effectively manage migratory flows on its Southern border, uses a deterrence strategy based on minimum common denominators..