Political Science

American National Security Policy | John T. Fishel

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Security policy is a key factor not only of domestic politics in the U.S., but also of foreign relations and global security. This text sets to explain the process of security policy making in the United States by looking at all the elements that shape it, from institutions and legislation to policymakers themselves and historical precedents. To understand national security policy, the book first needs to address the way national security policy makers see the world. It shows that they generally see it in realist terms where the state is a single rational actor pursuing its national interest. It then focuses on how legislative authorities enable and constrain these policy makers before looking at the organizational context in which policies are made and implemented. This means examining the legal authorities that govern how the system functions, such as the Constitution and the National Security Act of 1947, as well as the various governmental institutions whose capabilities either limit or allow execution, such as the CIA, NSA, etc. Next, the text analyzes the processes and products of national security policy making, such as reports, showing how they differ from administration to administration. Lastly, a series of case studies illustrate the challenges of implementing and developing policy. These span the post-Cold war period to the present, and include the Panama crisis, Somalia, the Balkans Haiti, the Iraq wars, and Afghanistan. By combining both the theory and process, this textbook reveals all aspects of the making of national security policy in United States from agenda setting to the successes and failures of implementation..

Political Science

Sustainable Security | Jeremi Suri,Benjamin Valentino

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As the world shifts away from the unquestioned American hegemony that followed in the wake of the Cold War, the United States is likely to face new kinds of threats and sharper resource constraints than it has in the past. However, the country's alliances, military institutions, and national security strategy have changed little since the Cold War. American foreign and defense policies, therefore, should be assessed for their fitness for achieving sustainable national security amidst the dynamism of the international political economy, changing domestic politics, and even a changing climate. This book brings together sixteen leading scholars from across political science, history, and political economy to highlight a range of American security considerations that deserve a larger role in both scholarship and strategic decision-making. In these chapters, scholars of political economy and the American defense budget examine the economic engine that underlies U.S. military might and the ways the country deploys these vast (but finite) resources. Historians illuminate how past great powers coped with changing international orders through strategic and institutional innovations. And regional experts assess America's current long-term engagements, from NATO to the chaos of the Middle East to the web of alliances in Asia, deepening understandings that help guard against both costly commitments and short-sighted retrenchments. This interdisciplinary volume sets an agenda for future scholarship that links politics, economics, and history in pursuit of sustainable security for the United States - and greater peace and stability for Americans and non-Americans alike..

History

Strategies of Containment | John Lewis Gaddis

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When Strategies of Containment was first published, the Soviet Union was still a superpower, Ronald Reagan was president of the United States, and the Berlin Wall was still standing. This updated edition of Gaddis' classic carries the history of containment through the end of the Cold War. Beginning with Franklin D. Roosevelt's postwar plans, Gaddis provides a thorough critical analysis of George F. Kennan's original strategy of containment, NSC-68, The Eisenhower-Dulles "New Look," the Kennedy-Johnson "flexible response" strategy, the Nixon-Kissinger strategy of detente, and now a comprehensive assessment of how Reagan - and Gorbechev - completed the process of containment, thereby bringing the Cold War to an end. He concludes, provocatively, that Reagan more effectively than any other Cold War president drew upon the strengths of both approaches while avoiding their weaknesses. A must-read for anyone interested in Cold War history, grand strategy, and the origins of the post-Cold War world..

History

American National Security | Amos A. Jordan,William J. Taylor, Jr.,Michael J. Meese,Suzanne C. Nielsen

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The sixth edition of American National Security has been extensively rewritten to take into account the significant changes in national security policy in the past decade. Thorough revisions reflect a new strategic context and the challenges and opportunities faced by the United States in the early twenty-first century. Highlights include: • An examination of the current international environment and new factors affecting U.S. national security policy making• A discussion of the Department of Homeland Security and changes in the intelligence community• A survey of intelligence and national security, with special focus on security needs post-9/11• A review of economic security, diplomacy, terrorism, conventional warfare, counterinsurgency, military intervention, and nuclear deterrence in the changed international setting• An update of security issues in East Asia, South and Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Sub-Saharan Africa, Russia and Central Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean• New material on globalization, transnational actors, and human security Previous editions have been widely used in undergraduate and graduate courses. -- James Schlesinger, former Secretary of Defense, from the foreword.

History

US Naval Strategy and National Security | Sebastian Bruns

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This book examines US naval strategy and the role of American seapower over three decades, from the late 20th century to the early 21st century. This study uses the concept of seapower as a framework to explain the military and political application of sea power and naval force for the United States of America. It addresses the context in which strategy, and in particular US naval strategy and naval power, evolves and how US naval strategy was developed and framed in the international and national security contexts. It explains what drove and what constrained US naval strategy and examines selected instances where American sea power was directed in support of US defense and security policy ends – and whether that could be tied to what a given strategy proposed. The work utilizes naval capstone documents in the framework of broader maritime conceptual and geopolitical thinking, and discusses whether these documents had lasting influences in the strategic mind-set, the force structure, and other areas of American sea power. Overall, this work provides a deeper understanding of the crafting of US naval strategy since the final decade of the Cold War, its contextual and structural framework setting, and its application. To that end, the work bridges the gap between the thinking of American naval officers and planners on the one hand and academic analyses of Navy strategy on the other hand. It also presents the trends in the use of naval force for foreign policy objectives and into strategy-making in the American policy context. This book will be of much interest to students of naval power, maritime strategy, US national security and international relations in general..

Political Science

U.S. National Security Law | H. L. Pohlman

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This text examines U.S. national security policy making through the lens of international law. The chapters consist of selected excerpts of primary readings to address the question of whether Congress and the President should conform their laws, policies, and actions to the dictates of international law regardless of the nature of the threat..

Political Science

Changing US Security Strategy | Anthony H. Cordesman

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More than a decade into the “war on terrorism,” much of the political debate in the United States is still fixated on the legacy of 9/11. US politics has a partisan fixation on Benghazi, the Boston Marathon bombing, intelligence intercepts, and Guantanamo. Far too much attention still focuses on “terrorism” at a time the United States faces a much broader range of threats from the instability in the Middle East, North Africa, and the Islamic world..

Political Science

National Security Entrepreneurs and the Making of American Foreign Policy | Vincent Boucher,Charles-Philippe David,Karine Prémont

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National Security Entrepreneurs and the Making of American Foreign Policy - Vincent Boucher,Charles-Philippe David,Karine Prémont Preview:

Since the advent of the contemporary US national security apparatus in 1947, entrepreneurial public officials have tried to reorient the course of the nation's foreign policy. Acting inside the National Security Council system, some principals and high-ranking officials have worked tirelessly to generate policy change and innovation on the issues they care about. These entrepreneurs attempt to set the foreign policy agenda, frame policy problems and solutions, and orient the decision-making process to convince the president and other decision makers to choose the course they advocate. In National Security Entrepreneurs and the Making of American Foreign Policy Vincent Boucher, Charles-Philippe David, and Karine Prémont develop a new concept to study entrepreneurial behaviour among foreign policy advisers and offer the first comprehensive framework of analysis to answer this crucial question: why do some entrepreneurs succeed in guaranteeing the adoption of novel policies while others fail? They explore case studies of attempts to reorient US foreign policy waged by National Security Council entrepreneurs, examining the key factors enabling success and the main forces preventing the adoption of a preferred option: the entrepreneur's profile, presidential leadership, major players involved in the policy formulation and decision-making processes, the national political context, and the presence or absence of significant opportunities. By carefully analyzing significant diplomatic and military decisions of the Johnson, Nixon, Reagan, and Clinton administrations, and offering a preliminary account of contemporary national security entrepreneurship under presidents George W. Bush, Barack Obama, and Donald Trump, this book makes the case for an agent-based explanation of foreign policy change and continuity..

Political Science

Cases in U.S. National Security | Donald M. Snow

Cases in U.S. National Security Pdf/ePub eBook Cases in U.S. National Security Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 606 | Ebook Reads: 606 | File: Cases in U.S. National Security.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1538115670

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This supplementary reader present an engaging and novel approach to national security. A series of brief case studies representing current and controversial policy problems facilitates deliberation and debate about competing policy ideas and encourages undergraduate students to think critically about issues of national security..

Political Science

American National Security and Civil Liberties in an Era of Terrorism | D. Cohen,J. Wells

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American National Security and Civil Liberties in an Era of Terrorism - D. Cohen,J. Wells Preview:

In light of the ongoing war against terrorism, can the United States maintain its dedication to protecting civil liberties without compromising security? At stake is nothing less than the survival of ideas associated with the modern period of political philosophy: the freedom of conscience, the inviolable rights of the individual to privacy, the constitutionally limited state, as well as the more recent refinement of late modern liberalism, multiculturalism. Contributors evaluate the need to reassess the nation's public policies, institutions, as well as its very identity. The struggle to persist as an open society in the age of terrorism will be the defining test of democracy in the Twenty-first-century..

Political Science

American Defense Policy | Miriam Krieger,Lynne Chandler Garcia,John Riley,Will Atkins

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American Defense Policy - Miriam Krieger,Lynne Chandler Garcia,John Riley,Will Atkins Preview:

A vital text for understanding the twenty-first-century battlefield and the shifting force structure, this book prepares students to think critically about the rapidly changing world they'll inherit. American Defense Policy, first published in 1965 under the leadership of Brent Scowcroft, has been a mainstay in courses on political science, international relations, military affairs, and American national security for more than 50 years. This updated and thoroughly revised ninth edition, which contains about 30% all-new content, considers questions of continuity and change in America's defense policy in the face of a global climate beset by geopolitical tensions, rapid technological change, and terrorist violence. The book is organized into three parts. Part I examines the theories and strategies that shape America's approach to security policy. Part II dives inside the defense policy process, exploring the evolution of contemporary civil-military relations, the changing character of the profession of arms, and the issues and debates in the budgeting, organizing, and equipping process. Part III examines how purpose and process translate into American defense policy. This invaluable and prudent text remains a classic introduction to the vital security issues the United States has faced throughout its history. It breaks new ground as a thoughtful and comprehensive starting point to understand American defense policy and its role in the world today. Contributors: Gordon Adams, John R. Allen, Will Atkins, Deborah D. Avant, Michael Barnett, Sally Baron, Jeff J.S. Black, Jessica Blankshain, Hal Brands, Ben Buchanan, Dale C. Copeland, Everett Carl Dolman, Jeffrey Donnithorne, Daniel W. Drezner, Colin Dueck, Eric Edelman, Martha Finnemore, Lawrence Freedman, Francis Fukuyama, Michael D. Gambone, Lynne Chandler Garcia, Bishop Garrison, Erik Gartzke, Mauro Gilli, Robert Gilpin, T.X. Hammes, Michael C. Horowitz, G. John Ikenberry, Bruce D. Jones, Tim Kane, Cheryl A. Kearney, David Kilcullen, Michael P. Kreuzer, Miriam Krieger, Seth Lazar, Keir A. Lieber, Conway Lin, Jon R. Lindsay, Austin Long, Joseph S. Lupa Jr., Megan H. MacKenzie, Mike J. Mazarr, Senator John McCain, Daniel H. McCauley, Michael E. McInerney, Christopher D. Miller, James N. Miller, John A. Nagl, Henry R. Nau, Renée de Nevers, Joseph S. Nye Jr., Michael E. O'Hanlon, Mancur Olson Jr., Sue Payton, Daryl G. Press, Thomas Rid, John Riley, David Sacko, Brandon D. Smith, James M. Smith, Don M. Snider, Sir Hew Strachan, Michael Wesley, Richard Zeckhauser.

Political Science

Science, Technology, and U.S. National Security Strategy | Raymond F. DuBois

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In today’s challenging, technologically informed environment, the U.S. military must continue to ensure a competitive advantage. This report suggests ways to develop a cadre of technologically competent officers with the requisite leadership and operational skills to excel in this fast-paced and ever-evolving environment. It involves a complementary set of selection, assignment, promotion, and military and civilian education opportunities that infuse our next generation of leaders with strategic, creative, and critical thinking attributes to interact effectively between and among the policy, technology, and operational communities..

History

Hard Power | Kurt Campbell,Michael O'Hanlon

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Our ideas about national security have changed radically over the last five years. It has become a political tool, a "wedge issue," a symbol of pride and fear. It is also the one issue above all others that can make or break an election. And this is why the Democratic Party has been steadily losing power since 2001. In Hard Power, Michael O'Hanlon, an expert on foreign policy at the Brookings Institution, and Kurt Campbell, an authority on international security at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, explain how the Democrats lost credibility on issues of security and foreign policy, how they can get it back--and why they must. They recall the successful Democratic military legacy of past decades, as well as recent Democratic innovations--like the Homeland Security Office and the idea of nation-building--that have been successfully co-opted by the Republican administration. And, most importantly, they develop a broad national security vision for America, including specific defense policies and a strategy to win the war on terror..

Political Science

The National Security Enterprise | Roger Z. George,Harvey Rishikof

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This second edition of The National Security Enterprise provides practitioners’ insights into the operation, missions, and organizational cultures of the principal national security agencies and other institutions that shape the US national security decision-making process. Unlike some textbooks on American foreign policy, it offers analysis from insiders who have worked at the National Security Council, the State and Defense Departments, the intelligence community, and the other critical government entities. The book explains how organizational missions and cultures create the labyrinth in which a coherent national security policy must be fashioned. Understanding and appreciating these organizations and their cultures is essential for formulating and implementing it. Taking into account the changes introduced by the Obama administration, the second edition includes four new or entirely revised chapters (Congress, Department of Homeland Security, Treasury, and USAID) and updates to the text throughout. It covers changes instituted since the first edition was published in 2011, implications of the government campaign to prosecute leaks, and lessons learned from more than a decade of war in Afghanistan and Iraq. This up-to-date book will appeal to students of US national security and foreign policy as well as career policymakers..

Political Science

Insanity Defense | Jane Harman

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An insider's account of America's ineffectual approach to some of the hardest defense and intelligence issues in the three decades since the Cold War ended. Insanity can be defined as doing the same thing over and over again but expecting a different result. As a nation, America has cycled through the same defense and intelligence issues since the end of the Cold War. In Insanity Defense, Congresswoman Jane Harman chronicles how four administrations have failed to confront some of the toughest national security policy issues and suggests achievable fixes that can move us toward a safer future. The reasons for these inadequacies are varied and complex, in some cases going back generations. American leaders didn’t realize soon enough that the institutions and habits formed during the Cold War were no longer effective in an increasingly multi-power world transformed by digital technology and riven by ethno-sectarian conflict. Nations freed from the fear of the Soviets no longer deferred to America as before. Yet the United States settled into a comfortable, at times arrogant, position as the lone superpower. At the same time our governing institutions, which had stayed resilient, however imperfectly, through multiple crises, began their own unraveling. Congresswoman Harman was there—as witness, legislator, exhorter, enabler, dissident and, eventually, outside advisor and commentator. Insanity Defense is an insider’s account of decades of American national security—of its failures and omissions—and a roadmap to making significant progress on solving these perennially difficult issues..

Political Science

Buying National Security | Gordon Adams,Cindy Williams

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The tools of American statecraft—defense, diplomacy, foreign and security assistance, homeland security and intelligence—are rarely examined together. Adams and Williams fill this gap by examining how these tools work, how they are planned for, and how they are budgeted. Seeing policy through the lens of the budget can help decision makers and ordinary citizens discern the genuine priorities of national leaders from the oftentimes illusory ones portrayed in rhetoric. Simply put, policies and strategies cannot be carried out without a corresponding allocation of resources. Buying National Security weaves a tapestry around the institutions, organizations, tools, and processes that support planning and resource allocation across the breadth of the American national security enterprise. The authors analyze the planning and resource integration activities across agencies of the Executive branch as well as examine the structure and processes the Congress uses to carry out its national security oversight and budgetary responsibilities. Finally, they review the adequacy of the current structures and process and evaluate proposals for ways both might be reformed to fit the demands of the 21st century security environment..

Political Science

White House Warriors: How the National Security Council Transformed the American Way of War | John Gans

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White House Warriors: How the National Security Council Transformed the American Way of War - John Gans Preview:

This revelatory history of the elusive National Security Council shows how staffers operating in the shadows have driven foreign policy clandestinely for decades. When Michael Flynn resigned in disgrace as the Trump administration’s national security advisor the New York Times referred to the National Security Council as “the traditional center of management for a president’s dealings with an uncertain world.” Indeed, no institution or individual in the last seventy years has exerted more influence on the Oval Office or on the nation’s wars than the NSC, yet until the explosive Trump presidency, few Americans could even name a member. With key analysis, John Gans traces the NSC’s rise from a collection of administrative clerks in 1947 to what one recent commander-in-chief called the president’s “personal band of warriors.” A former Obama administration speechwriter, Gans weaves extensive archival research with dozens of news-making interviews to reveal the NSC’s unmatched power, which has resulted in an escalation of hawkishness and polarization, both in Washington and the nation at large..

Political Science

Strategy in NATO | Liselotte Odgaard

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This edited volume addresses the challenges and opportunities facing NATO post-2014, applying an original approach to strategy that will produce fresh insights into this hot topic within the international security community..

Law

National Security and Double Government | Michael J. Glennon

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Why has U.S. security policy scarcely changed from the Bush to the Obama administration? National Security and Double Government offers a disquieting answer. Michael J. Glennon challenges the myth that U.S. security policy is still forged by America's visible, "Madisonian institutions" - the President, Congress, and the courts. Their roles, he argues, have become largely illusory. Presidential control is now nominal, congressional oversight is dysfunctional, and judicial review is negligible. The book details the dramatic shift in power that has occurred from the Madisonian institutions to a concealed "Trumanite network" - the several hundred managers of the military, intelligence, diplomatic, and law enforcement agencies who are responsible for protecting the nation and who have come to operate largely immune from constitutional and electoral restraints. Reform efforts face daunting obstacles. Remedies within this new system of "double government" require the hollowed-out Madisonian institutions to exercise the very power that they lack. Meanwhile, reform initiatives from without confront the same pervasive political ignorance within the polity that has given rise to this duality. The book sounds a powerful warning about the need to resolve this dilemma-and the mortal threat posed to accountability, democracy, and personal freedom if double government persists. This paperback version features an Afterword that addresses the emerging danger posed by populist authoritarianism rejecting the notion that the security bureaucracy can or should be relied upon to block it..

Political Science

The Eagle and the Trident | Steven Pifer

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An insider’s account of the complex relations between the United States and post-Soviet Ukraine The Eagle and the Trident provides the first comprehensive account of the development of U.S. diplomatic relations with an independent Ukraine, covering the years 1992 through 2004 following the collapse of the Soviet Union. The United States devoted greater attention to Ukraine than any other post-Soviet state (except Russia) after the breakup of the Soviet Union. Steven Pifer, a career Foreign Service officer, worked on U.S.-Ukraine relations at the State Department and the White House during that period and also served as ambassador to Ukraine. With this volume he has written the definitive narrative of the ups and downs in the relationship between Washington and newly independent Ukraine. The relationship between the two countries moved from heady days in the mid- 1990s, when they declared a strategic partnership, to troubled times after 2002. During the period covered by the book, the United States generally succeeded in its major goals in Ukraine, notably the safe transfer of nearly 2,000 strategic nuclear weapons left there after the Soviet collapse. Washington also provided robust support for Ukraine’s effort to develop into a modern, democratic, market-oriented state. But these efforts aimed at reforming the state proved only modestly successful, leaving a nation that was not resilient enough to stand up to Russian aggression in Crimea in 2014. The author reflects on what worked and what did not work in the various U.S. approaches toward Ukraine. He also offers a practitioner’s recommendations for current U.S. policies in the context of ongoing uncertainty about the political stability of Ukraine and Russia’s long-term intentions toward its smaller but important neighbor..

Political Science

The Rise of the American Security State: The National Security Act of 1947 and the Militarization of U.S. Foreign Policy | M. Kent Bolton

The Rise of the American Security State: The National Security Act of 1947 and the Militarization of U.S. Foreign Policy Pdf/ePub eBook The Rise of the American Security State: The National Security Act of 1947 and the Militarization of U.S. Foreign Policy Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 354 | Ebook Reads: 354 | File: The Rise of the American Security State: The National Security Act of 1947 and the Militarization of U.S. Foreign Policy.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1440843201

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This book examines the impact of the National Security Act of 1947, the most important foreign policy legislation that many Americans (including policymakers and academics) have never heard of. • Surveys U.S. foreign policy in the Cold War and post-Cold War eras through the careful and consistent evaluation of 14 case studies • Examines the National Security Act of 1947 (and subsequent amendments) and its main creations that have propelled the United States into being the interventionist nation it is today • Makes connections between the policymakers involved in the Cold War consensus (both in the White House National Security Counsel and on Capitol Hill) in the late 1940s and those of today's era.

Political Science

US Foreign Policy and Defense Strategy | Derek S. Reveron,Nikolas K. Gvosdev,Mackubin Thomas Owens

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US Foreign Policy and Defense Strategy - Derek S. Reveron,Nikolas K. Gvosdev,Mackubin Thomas Owens Preview:

Safe from the battlefields of Europe and Asia, the United States led the post–World War II global economic recovery through international assistance and foreign direct investment. With an ardent decolonization agenda and a postwar legitimacy, the United States attempted to construct a world characterized by cooperation. When American optimism clashed with Soviet expansionism, the United States started on a path to global hegemony. In US Foreign Policy and Defense Strategy, the authors analyze the strategic underpinnings of hegemony, assess the national security establishment that sustains dominance, consider the impact on civil-military relations, and explore the intertwining relationships between foreign policy, defense strategy, and commercial activities. Eschewing conventional analyses, the volume not only identifies drivers and continuities in foreign policy, but it also examines how the legacy of the last sixty-five years will influence future national security policy that will be characterized by US leadership in an increasingly competitive world. From civil-military relations to finance, and from competing visions of how America should make war to its philosophy of securing peace through reconstruction and reconciliation, US Foreign Policy and Defense Strategy offers unique insights into the links between military and commercial power as it charts the rise of a historical rarity: the incidental superpower. This accessibly written book is suitable for students and general readers as well as scholars..

Education and state

From Sputnik to Minerva | Sean Kay

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Rather than focusing primarily on traditional professional military educ., this analysis examines how educ. has been used as a tool of American power. Four major moments of transformation in the international system are surveyed to illustrate a link between ¿strategic educational capacity,¿ defined as the application of attained knowledge and skills, and national power. An important educational capacity is emerging in the new Minerva program in the DoD and other transformational educational concepts with security applications. Educ. is gaining an increasing interest among American decisionmakers as a strategic component of American power and an essential asset for successful military operations in the new global security environment..

Political Science

The Middle East, Oil, and the U.S. National Security Policy | Donald M. Snow

The Middle East, Oil, and the U.S. National Security Policy Pdf/ePub eBook The Middle East, Oil, and the U.S. National Security Policy Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 842 | Ebook Reads: 842 | File: The Middle East, Oil, and the U.S. National Security Policy.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1442261986

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The text focuses on three interrelated subject areas that are at the heart of the current foreign and national security dilemma: the Middle East, energy policy, and military manpower policy. Remedying these obvious cases of policy dysfunction would create opportunities for less confrontational, adversary-driven foreign and defense posture..

Political Science

American National Security | Michael J. Meese,Suzanne C. Nielsen,Rachel M. Sondheimer

American National Security Pdf/ePub eBook American National Security Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 468 | Ebook Reads: 468 | File: American National Security.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1421426781

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American National Security - Michael J. Meese,Suzanne C. Nielsen,Rachel M. Sondheimer Preview:

Highlights include:; An updated look at national security threats, military operations, and homeland security challenges ; An analysis of the evolving roles of the president, Congress, the intelligence community, the military, and other institutions involved in national security; A revised consideration of the strengths, limitations, and employment of instruments of national power, including diplomacy, information, economic tools, and armed forces; An exploration of the economic and national security implications of globalization; An enhanced examination of the proliferation of transnational threats, including security challenges in space and in cyberspace; A new assessment of how international, political, and economic trends may change US leadership of the post–World War II international order; A comprehensive update on changing dynamics in key states and regions, including Russia, China, East Asia, the Middle East, South Asia, Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin AmericaAn authoritative book that explains US national security policy, actors, and processes in a wide-ranging yet understandable way, American National Security addresses key issues, including challenges to the free and open international order, the reemergence of strategic competition among great powers, terrorism, economic and fiscal constraints, and rapid advances in information and technology..

Political Science

Ballistic Missile Defence and US National Security Policy | Andrew Futter

Ballistic Missile Defence and US National Security Policy Pdf/ePub eBook Ballistic Missile Defence and US National Security Policy Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1557 | Ebook Reads: 1557 | File: Ballistic Missile Defence and US National Security Policy.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1136655301

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Ballistic Missile Defence and US National Security Policy - Andrew Futter Preview:

This book examines the transformation in US thinking about the role of Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) in national security policy since the end of the Cold War. The evolution of the BMD debate after the Cold War has been complex, complicated and punctuated. As this book shows, the debate and subsequent policy choices would often appear to reflect neither the particular requirements of the international system for US security at any given time, nor indeed the current capabilities of BMD technology. Ballistic Missile Defence and US National Security Policy traces the evolution of policy from the zero-sum debates that surrounded the Strategic Defense Initiative as Ronald Reagan left office, up to the relative political consensus that exists around a limited BMD deployment in 2012. The book shows how and why policy evolved in such a complex manner during this period, and explains the strategic reasoning and political pressures shaping BMD policy under each of the presidents who have held office since 1989. Ultimately, this volume demonstrates how relative advancements in technology, combined with growth in the perceived missile threat, gradually shifted the contours and rhythm of the domestic missile defence debate in the US towards acceptance and normalisation. This book will be of much interest to students of missile defence and arms control, US national security policy, strategic studies and international relations in general..

Political Science

Cases in U.S. National Security | Donald M. Snow

Cases in U.S. National Security Pdf/ePub eBook Cases in U.S. National Security Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 477 | Ebook Reads: 477 | File: Cases in U.S. National Security.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1538115670

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Cases in U.S. National Security - Donald M. Snow Preview:

This supplementary reader present an engaging and novel approach to national security. A series of brief case studies representing current and controversial policy problems facilitates deliberation and debate about competing policy ideas and encourages undergraduate students to think critically about issues of national security..

Political Science

U.S. National Security and Foreign Policymaking After 9/11 | Kent M. Bolton

U.S. National Security and Foreign Policymaking After 9/11 Pdf/ePub eBook U.S. National Security and Foreign Policymaking After 9/11 Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 924 | Ebook Reads: 924 | File: U.S. National Security and Foreign Policymaking After 9/11.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1461666740

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U.S. National Security and Foreign Policymaking After 9/11 - Kent M. Bolton Preview:

In December 2004 the 109th Congress passed and President George W. Bush signed the Intelligence Reform and Intelligence Prevention Act (IRTPA). M. Kent Bolton argues that IRTPA represented a change in the trajectory of U.S. national-security policy-the first fundamental, demonstrable change since the 1947 National Security Act (1947 NSA) became law creating a unified U.S. Department of Defense, the Central Intelligence Agency, and the National Security Council, among other entities. As the 1947 NSA presaged a new era of U.S. policymaking, so too did the IRTPA. As such the IRTPA represents an extraordinarily important piece of legislation for students and scholars of U.S. foreign and national-security policy. The author documents how and why it became law and how it has affected policymaking. He further argues that the changes begun by 9/11 and memorialized by IRTPA will likely affect U.S. national-security policymaking for decades if not generations..

Political Science

National Security Entrepreneurs and the Making of American Foreign Policy | Vincent Boucher,Charles-Philippe David,Karine Prémont

National Security Entrepreneurs and the Making of American Foreign Policy Pdf/ePub eBook National Security Entrepreneurs and the Making of American Foreign Policy Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 697 | Ebook Reads: 697 | File: National Security Entrepreneurs and the Making of American Foreign Policy.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0228004284

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National Security Entrepreneurs and the Making of American Foreign Policy - Vincent Boucher,Charles-Philippe David,Karine Prémont Preview:

Since the advent of the contemporary US national security apparatus in 1947, entrepreneurial public officials have tried to reorient the course of the nation's foreign policy. Acting inside the National Security Council system, some principals and high-ranking officials have worked tirelessly to generate policy change and innovation on the issues they care about. These entrepreneurs attempt to set the foreign policy agenda, frame policy problems and solutions, and orient the decision-making process to convince the president and other decision makers to choose the course they advocate. In National Security Entrepreneurs and the Making of American Foreign Policy Vincent Boucher, Charles-Philippe David, and Karine Prémont develop a new concept to study entrepreneurial behaviour among foreign policy advisers and offer the first comprehensive framework of analysis to answer this crucial question: why do some entrepreneurs succeed in guaranteeing the adoption of novel policies while others fail? They explore case studies of attempts to reorient US foreign policy waged by National Security Council entrepreneurs, examining the key factors enabling success and the main forces preventing the adoption of a preferred option: the entrepreneur's profile, presidential leadership, major players involved in the policy formulation and decision-making processes, the national political context, and the presence or absence of significant opportunities. By carefully analyzing significant diplomatic and military decisions of the Johnson, Nixon, Reagan, and Clinton administrations, and offering a preliminary account of contemporary national security entrepreneurship under presidents George W. Bush, Barack Obama, and Donald Trump, this book makes the case for an agent-based explanation of foreign policy change and continuity..

History

Eisenhower's New-Look National Security Policy, 1953-61 | S. Dockrill

Eisenhower's New-Look National Security Policy, 1953-61 Pdf/ePub eBook Eisenhower's New-Look National Security Policy, 1953-61 Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 815 | Ebook Reads: 815 | File: Eisenhower's New-Look National Security Policy, 1953-61.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0230372333

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Eisenhower's New-Look National Security Policy, 1953-61 - S. Dockrill Preview:

The New Look sought to formulate a more selective and flexible response to Communist challenges. The New Look was not simply a `bigger bang for a buck' nor merely a device for achieving a balanced budget, nor did it amount solely to a strategy of massive retaliation, as is commonly assumed. Dr Dockrill's incisive revisionist analysis of the subject throws new light on US ambitious global strategy during the Eisenhower years..

History

Soviet National Security Policy Under Perestroika | George E. Hudson

Soviet National Security Policy Under Perestroika Pdf/ePub eBook Soviet National Security Policy Under Perestroika Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 381 | Ebook Reads: 381 | File: Soviet National Security Policy Under Perestroika.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1000280446

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Soviet National Security Policy Under Perestroika - George E. Hudson Preview:

This book, first published in 1990, examines the nature and causes of the changes to Soviet national security policy under Gorbachev. Changes in leadership and institutional arrangements, economic policy, ideology and military involvement all fostered new patterns of cooperation and competition. Authors look at the historical, economic and cultural contexts of change and proceed to a discussion of change agents, such as modernization, technology and domestic politics. Specific components of foreign and military policy, such as arms control and relations with Western Europe, the Warsaw Pact and the Third World, are also examined..

Political Science

Challenges to American National Security in the 1990s | M. Nacht,A. Nichols,G.H. Quester,J.J. Weltman

Challenges to American National Security in the 1990s Pdf/ePub eBook Challenges to American National Security in the 1990s Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1223 | Ebook Reads: 1223 | File: Challenges to American National Security in the 1990s.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1468489984

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Challenges to American National Security in the 1990s - M. Nacht,A. Nichols,G.H. Quester,J.J. Weltman Preview:

The decade of the 1990s offers a chance to build a new and better international order. What policy choices will this decade pose for the United States? This wide-ranging volume of essays imaginatively addresses these crucial issues. The peaceful revolutions of 1989-1990 in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe have swept away the foundations of the Cold War. The Eastern European nations are free; Europe is no longer divided; Germany is united. The Soviet threat to Western Europe is ending with the collapse of the Warsaw Pact and the withdrawals and asymmetrical cuts of Soviet forces. And U.S.-Soviet rivalry in the Third World is giving way to cooperation in handling conflicts, as in Iraq and elsewhere. Much, of course, remains uncertain and unsettled. What sort of Soviet Union will emerge from the ongoing turmoil, with what political and economic system and what state structure? How far and how soon will the Eastern Euro pean states succeed in developing pluralist democracies and market economies? Are the changes irreversible? Certainly there will be turmoil, backsliding, and failures, but a return to the Cold War hardly seems likely..

History

US National Security Reform | Heidi B. Demarest,Erica D. Borghard

US National Security Reform Pdf/ePub eBook US National Security Reform Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1312 | Ebook Reads: 1312 | File: US National Security Reform.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1351171542

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US National Security Reform - Heidi B. Demarest,Erica D. Borghard Preview:

This collection of essays considers the evolution of American institutions and processes for forming and implementing US national security policy, and offers diverse policy prescriptions for reform to confront an evolving and uncertain security environment. Twelve renowned scholars and practitioners of US national security policy take up the question of whether the national security institutions we have are the ones we need to confront an uncertain future. Topics include a characterization of future threats to national security, organizational structure and leadership of national security bureaucracies, the role of the US Congress in national security policy making and oversight, and the importance of strategic planning within the national security enterprise. The book concludes with concrete recommendations for policy makers, most of which can be accomplished under the existing and enduring National Security Act. This book will be of much interest to students of US national security, US foreign policy, Cold War studies, public policy and IR in general..

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A breakfast for Bonaparte U.S. national security interests from the Heights of Abraham to the nuclear age | ,

A breakfast for Bonaparte U.S. national security interests from the Heights of Abraham to the nuclear age Pdf/ePub eBook A breakfast for Bonaparte U.S. national security interests from the Heights of Abraham to the nuclear age Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1650 | Ebook Reads: 1650 | File: A breakfast for Bonaparte U.S. national security interests from the Heights of Abraham to the nuclear age.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 9781428981720

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Political Science

The Oxford Handbook of U.S. National Security | Derek S. Reveron,Nikolas K. Gvosdev,John A. Cloud

The Oxford Handbook of U.S. National Security Pdf/ePub eBook The Oxford Handbook of U.S. National Security Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 544 | Ebook Reads: 544 | File: The Oxford Handbook of U.S. National Security.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0190680369

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The Oxford Handbook of U.S. National Security - Derek S. Reveron,Nikolas K. Gvosdev,John A. Cloud Preview:

National security is pervasive in government and society, but there is little scholarly attention devoted to understanding the context, institutions, and processes the U.S. government uses to promote the general welfare. The Oxford Handbook of U.S. National Security aims to fill this gap. Coming from academia and the national security community, its contributors analyze key institutions and processes that promote the peace and prosperity of the United States and, by extension, its allies and other partners. By examining contemporary challenges to U.S. national security, contributors consider ways to advance national interests. The United States is entering uncharted waters. The assumptions and verities of the Washington consensus and the early post-Cold War have broken down. After 15 years of war and the inability of two presidents to set a new long-term U.S. foreign policy approach in place, the uncertainties of the Trump administration symbolize the questioning of assumptions that is now going on as Americans work to re-define their place in the world. This handbook serves as a "how to" guide for students and practitioners to understand the key issues and roadblocks confronting those working to improve national security. The first section establishes the scope of national security highlighting the important debates to bridge the practitioner and scholarly approaches to national security. The second section outlines the major national security actors in the U.S. government, describes the legislative authorities and appropriations available to each institution, and considers the organizational essence of each actor to explain behavior during policy discussions. It also examines the tools of national security such as diplomacy, arms control, and economic statecraft. The third section focuses on underlying strategic approaches to national security addressing deterrence, nuclear and cyber issues, and multilateral approaches to foreign policy. The final section surveys the landscape of contemporary national security challenges. This is a critical resource for anyone trying to understand the complex mechanisms and institutions that govern U.S. national security..

Political Science

National Security | Donald M. Snow

National Security Pdf/ePub eBook National Security Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 310 | Ebook Reads: 310 | File: National Security.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 0429765444

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National Security - Donald M. Snow Preview:

The seventh edition of this highly successful textbook analyzes the history, evolution, and processes of national security policies. It examines national security from two fundamental fault lines - the end of the Cold War and the evolution of contemporary terrorism dating from the 9/11 terrorist attacks - and traces their path up to ISIS and beyond. The book considers how the resulting era of globalization and geopolitics guides policy. Placing these trends in conceptual and historical context and following them through military, semimilitary, and nonmilitary concerns, National Security treats its subject as a nuanced and subtle phenomenon that encompasses everything from the global to the individual with the nation at its core. New to the Seventh Edition An assessment of the impact of the Trump presidency on national security and relevant domestic policies, including border security and energy security matters. The continuing impact and evolution of terrorism as a security problem, with notable emphasis on the decline of the Islamic State (IS) and what terrorist threats are likely to succeed it. A description of the cyber security problem with an emphasis on Russian efforts to interfere with the 2016 US presidential election and beyond. A revised delineation of the geographic and substantive challenges facing the United States in the form of a chapter on "lethal landscapes," emphasizing the rise of China as a global rival and opponent in Asia and an attempt to deal with state aspirants like the Kurds. This book will continue to be highly beneficial to students and scholars working and studying in security studies, military and strategic studies, defense studies, foreign policy, US politics and international relations..

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U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Policy and Strategy | ,

U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Policy and Strategy Pdf/ePub eBook U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Policy and Strategy Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1051 | Ebook Reads: 1051 | File: U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Policy and Strategy.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1428910506

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U.S. nuclear policy in the 21st century a fresh look at national strategy and requirements: final report | ,

U.S. nuclear policy in the 21st century a fresh look at national strategy and requirements: final report Pdf/ePub eBook U.S. nuclear policy in the 21st century a fresh look at national strategy and requirements: final report Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 337 | Ebook Reads: 337 | File: U.S. nuclear policy in the 21st century a fresh look at national strategy and requirements: final report.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 9781428981324

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Political Science

Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy - 5 Volume Set | Domonic A. Bearfield,Evan M Berman,Melvin J. Dubnick

Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy - 5 Volume Set Pdf/ePub eBook Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy - 5 Volume Set Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 757 | Ebook Reads: 757 | File: Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy - 5 Volume Set.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 1000031624

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Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy - 5 Volume Set - Domonic A. Bearfield,Evan M Berman,Melvin J. Dubnick Preview:

Now in its third edition, Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy remains the definitive source for article-length presentations spanning the fields of public administration and public policy. It includes entries for: Budgeting Bureaucracy Conflict resolution Countries and regions Court administration Gender issues Health care Human resource management Law Local government Methods Organization Performance Policy areas Policy-making process Procurement State government Theories This revamped five-volume edition is a reconceptualization of the first edition by Jack Rabin. It incorporates over 225 new entries and over 100 revisions, including a range of contributions and updates from the renowned academic and practitioner leaders of today as well as the next generation of top scholars. The entries address topics in clear and coherent language and include references to additional sources for further study..

Political Science

Social Science and National Security Policy | Janeen M. Klinger

Social Science and National Security Policy Pdf/ePub eBook Social Science and National Security Policy Pdf ebook download. Number Downloads: 1319 | Ebook Reads: 1319 | File: Social Science and National Security Policy.pdf/epub | ISBNCode: 3030112519

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Social Science and National Security Policy - Janeen M. Klinger Preview:

This book examines how deterrence, coercion and modernization theory has informed U.S. policy, addressing why former Defense Secretary Robert McNamara’s famous description of the Vietnam War as the “social scientist’s war” is so accurate. By tracing the evolution of ties between social scientists and the government beginning in World War I and continuing through the Second World War and the early Cold War, the narrative highlights the role of institutions like the RAND Corporation, the Social Science Research Council and MIT’s Center for International Studies that facilitate these ties while providing a home for the development of theory. The author compares and contrasts the ideas of Bernard Brodie, Herman Kahn, Albert Wohlstetter, Thomas Schelling, Gabriel Almond, Lucian Pye and Walt Rostow, among others, and offers a cautionary tale concerning the difficulties and problems encountered when applying social science theory to national security policy..